The purpose of this study was to compare two different ways of helping people who have had
childhood cancer, leukemia, tumors or similar illnesses learn health information and
information about trying to quit smoking. All participants received materials in the mail
about their health, survivorship, and smoking. Some participants were also invited to use a
website. The goal of the study was to see which is a better way to get information about
health issues, survivorship, and smoking.
The study was a randomized controlled trial with two groups. It was designed to demonstrate
the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a Web-based format of the PFH intervention, compared
to a written Materials control condition. The study was conducted among childhood and young
adult cancer survivors, who smoke, at four survivor clinics. Participants in both conditions
received access to pharmacotherapy at no cost. Participants in the Web condition received
access to an interactive Web site that focuses on survivorship, health, and smoking.
Participants in the Web condition received access to an interactive Web site that focuses on
survivorship, health, and smoking. Participants in the Materials control group received
tailored and targeted print materials.
- Have been diagnosed with cancer before age 35
- Currently be ≥ 18 years of age and ≤ 55 years of age
- 2 or more years out of cancer treatment
- Be mentally capable of providing informed consent
- Be reachable by telephone for screening and survey completion
- Be a current smoker (defined as having taken one puff of a cigarette in the last 30
- Fluent in English
- Currently undergoing active treatment for cancer