Malignant gliomas are very aggressive and among the most common of brain tumors. A diagnosis
carries with it a median survival of approximately 12 months, with 90 - 95% of patients
surviving less than 2 years. The current standard treatment of surgical resection followed
by radiation therapy and chemotherapy has not substantially prolonged survival and even the
few treatment options shown to exhibit small increases in survival primarily benefit certain
(i.e., young) patient subpopulations.
Cancer vaccines represent one novel therapy for malignant gliomas. The goal is for the body
to recognize the tumor cells as foreign and produce its own response to fight off recurring
tumor cells. A promising means of causing an immune response so the body can create this
immunity is through the use of dendritic cell (DC) vaccines.
Dendritic cells are a small group of cells contained in everyone's white blood cell
population. These cells are responsible for letting the immune system know that something
foreign, like bacteria, or a tumor, is in the body. Dendritic cells help the body ward off
disease by alerting the immune system.
gliadel is an FDA - approved drug - a wafer containing a concentrated amount of a
chemotherapy agent. These wafers are placed into the brain cavity after the tumor is
resected (removed) and deliver a steady amount of immediate chemotherapy medicine to the
surrounding brain tissue. Also, since Gliadel is a local chemotherapy, it will prevent the
detrimental suppression (weakening) of the immune system shown with systemic (throughout the
In prior Phase l and phase ll studies, patients who received chemotherapy following
Dendritic cells demonstrated longer progression free and overall survival than the patients
who received Dendritic cells or chemotherapy alone.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether after standard therapy of tumor resection
surgery, along with placement of Gliadel wafers at time of surgery followed by dendritic
cell vaccines will not only generate (start) an immune response, but will provide longer
progression free survival.
Patients who were screened and not enrolled in this clinical trial due to screen failure
will be notified of the reason for screen failure. Pre HIV counseling and appropriate
referral resources will be provided. If the screen failure is due to the positive HIV test,
appropriate post HIV counseling will be provided and appropriate referrals will be made. The
charts of the patients with screen failures will be destroyed.The patients charts who will
be enrolled in the study kept in the locked cabinet in the research office. patients will be
assigned a unique identifying code known only to the research team. Data will be captured by
various source documents, or, as necessary, abstracted from hospital medical records by an
experienced registered nurse. The electronic data for viral testing will be accessible to
research personnel only.
- Patients must have a histopathological diagnosis of malignant glioma
- Patients must have undergone surgery and placement of Gliadel wafer.
- Women of child bearing potential must use medically accepted form of birth control.
- A Karnofsky performance status of at least 60%
- Must be off of steroid at least two weeks prior to vaccination
- Hematologic and metabolic panel results will be within the parameters of the
- Must be capable of IRB approved Informed Consent.
- Patients with systemic disease
- Presence of acute infection
- Contraindication to MRI
- Known history of autoimmune disorder
- Positive for hepatitis B, C, HIV, syphilis, HTLVa nd HCV
- Allergic to Gentamicin.
- Inability to participate as per Principal Investigator's discretion.