The purpose of this study is to determine whether brief motivational interviews reduce the
likelihood of driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI).
Despite extensive legislative, law enforcement, and public awareness efforts, driving under
the influence of alcohol (DUI) remains a major cause of mortality and loss of years of
productive life. A brief motivational interview (BI) is a non-confrontational,
patient-centered discussion during which the individual's motivation and confidence to
change health-related behaviors are explored. Previous studies of BIs in health care
settings suggest that BIs administered after hospitalization for alcohol-related injury
reduce the likelihood of repeat injury hospitalization and arrest for DUI.
- Second or greater arrest for driving under the influence of alcohol
- Arrest involved operation of a motor vehicle
- At least 18 years of age
- Arrest involved injury to another person
- Previous participation in this study