RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy before a donor stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of
cancer cells. It also helps stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem
cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help
the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and
platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against
the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, and methotrexate before
and after transplant may stop this from happening.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well combination chemotherapy followed by donor
stem cell transplant works in treating patients with relapsed or high-risk primary
refractory Hodgkin lymphoma.
OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to response to prior therapy and risk factors
(those with presence of all 3 risk factors and failed primary therapy or primary progressive
disease vs. patients who relapse more than 100 days after an autologous stem cell
- Salvage chemotherapy (IGV or MOPP): Patients who have previously received
mechlorethamine hydrochloride receive IGV; patients who have previously received a
gemcitabine-based regimen receive MOPP.
- IGV (ifosfamide, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and vinorelbine ditartrate): Patients
receive IGV combination chemotherapy comprising ifosfamide IV on days 1-4,
gemcitabine hydrochloride IV on days 1 and 4, and vinorelbine ditartrate IV on day
1. Treatment repeats every 2-3 weeks for 2-3 courses in the absence of disease
progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- MOPP (mechlorethamine hydrochloride, vincristine, procarbazine hydrochloride, and
prednisone): Patients receive MOPP combination chemotherapy comprising
mechlorethamine hydrochloride IV on days 1 and 8, vincristine IV on days 1 and 8,
oral procarbazine hydrochloride on days 1-14, and oral prednisone on days 1-14.
Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for at least 2 courses in the absence of disease
progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients with no progression of disease after salvage chemotherapy (at allograft work-up)
proceed to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation [AHSCT]* within 60 days after
completion of salvage chemotherapy.
NOTE: *Patients with a nodal mass > 5 cm that has not ben previously irradiated and in the
absence of extranodal disease may undergo involved-field radiotherapy twice daily for 2
weeks, prior to AHSCT.
- AHSCT with reduced-intensity or non-myeloablative conditioning: Patients achieving
partial response or stable disease after salvage therapy receive fludarabine phosphate
IV over 30 minutes on days -6 to -2; melphalan IV over 15 minutes on days -6 and -5;
and undergo AHSCT on day 0 (reduced-intensity conditioning). Patients achieving
complete response after salvage therapy receive fludarabine phosphate IV over 30
minutes on days -6 to -2; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on day -6; total-body
irradiation over 20-30 minutes on day -1; and undergo AHSCT on day 0 (non-myeloablative
- Graft-vs-host disease prophylaxis: Patients with related or unrelated donors receive
cyclosporine IV over 2-4 hours or orally on days -3 to 100 followed by a taper,
mycophenolate mofetil IV or orally on days -3 to 46 followed by a taper, and
methotrexate IV on days 1, 3, 6, and 11.
Patients who received umbilical cord blood receive cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil as
above (no methotrexate).
Follow-up period of 2 years post-transplant.
- Histologically confirmed classical Hodgkin lymphoma, including CD20+ disease
- No lymphocyte predominant histology
- Primary refractory or relapsed disease with all 3 risk factors, failed platinum-based
chemotherapy, or disease relapsed more than 100 days after autologous stem cell
transplantation, proven by biopsy or fine-needle aspiration (cytology) of an involved
- Risk factors are defined as B-symptoms, extranodal sites of disease, and disease
remission lasting < 1 year after first-line therapy
- Failed doxorubicin hydrochloride or mechlorethamine hydrochloride-containing
- Fludeoxyglucose F 18-PET scan demonstrating PET-avid disease
- No more than 2 prior salvage chemotherapy regimens (for patients proceed to
allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation [AHSCT])
- Donor available meeting 1 of the following criteria (for patients proceed to AHSCT):
- HLA-matched or one allele mismatched related donor
- Genotypically or phenotypically matched at ≥ 9/10 of the A, B, C, DRB1, and
DQB1 loci, as tested by high resolution
- Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) collected
- HLA-matched unrelated donor
- Matched at ≥ 9/10 (allele mismatch only) of the A, B, C, DRB1, and DQB1
loci, as tested by high resolution
- PBSC or bone marrow collected
- Umbilical cord blood (2 units)
- must be ≥ 4/6 HLA-A, B antigen, and DRB1 allele matched with recipient
- Platelet count > 50,000/mm^3
- ANC > 1,000/mm^3
- Cardiac ejection fraction > 50% (for patients ≥ 18 years of age)
- Fractional shortening > 50% by echocardiogram* (for patients < 18 years of age)
- Adjusted diffusing capacity > 50% on pulmonary function testing*
- Serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
- Creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min
- Total bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dL in the absence of a history of Gilbert disease
- HIV I and II negative
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
- Karnofsky performance status (PS) ≥ 70% or Lansky PS ≥ 70% (for patients proceed to
- No active and uncontrolled infection at time of transplantation including active
infection with Aspergillus or other mold (for patients proceed to AHSCT) NOTE:
*measured since last chemotherapy
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- See Disease Characteristics
- No prior allogeneic transplantation
- No more than 1 prior autologous transplantation
- No inability to complete planned cytoreduction due to therapy complications