*The purpose of this study is to develop a more accurate, reliable, specific and more
acceptable alternative clinical test to the 72-hour stool and diet collection for
quantifying fat malabsorption in people with CF and pancreatic insufficiency.
- Nine subjects with CF will be recruited to complete the MBT on two separate
occasions, with different doses of pancreatic enzymes
- At each MBT visit, subjects will receive a specific enzyme dose just before they drink
the test meal (shake)
- Fat absorption is maximized when the enzymes are taken with the shake.
- If subjects usually receive brands of pancreatic enzymes different from Creon, their
dose will be converted to an equivalent dose of Creon 20 for the study.
Prior to each study visit all subjects will be required to:
- Eat their usual diet for 2 days prior to MBT
- Refrain from consuming alcohol or dairy products for 24 hours prior to MBT
- Refrain from non-routine physical exercise for 20 hours prior to MBT
- Adhere to a 12-hour fast prior to MBT (from 8 PM previous night)
- Can drink water from 8:00 PM on the night before the test to 2:00 AM on the day of the
- At visits 1 and 2, blood samples will be obtained at hourly intervals over a period of
- Samples will be analyzed for PA, HA and Triglyceride concentrations.
- Patients will be permitted to ingest non-caloric and non-caffeinated beverages.
- At hour 6, patients will be provided 1000 Kcal, low fat (12 grams of fat) lunch meal.
- Subjects with cystic fibrosis and pancreatic insufficiency (n=9), 8 years of age or
older, in usual state of good health will be eligible to participate in this Aim.
- Subjects will be screened for genotype and a history of pancreatic insufficiency
(PI). PI will be confirmed by measurement of fecal elastase 1< 200 mg/g stool.
- Subjects will be ineligible if they have an FEV1 % predicted of < 40%, a history of
fibrosing colonopathy or any significant bowel resection (>10 cm) with the exception
of a routine, uncomplicated appendectomy.
- Subjects with diabetes mellitus or disorders associated with altered energy
metabolism (i.e. hypothyroidism), or any major illnesses that affect the
gastrointestinal tract, will not be eligible for the study.
- Subjects with significant liver disease, or significant developmental delay will also
- Subjects will be excluded if they have a food allergy related to any components of
the experimental shake (i.e., soy or chocolate) or the stool marker, carmine red.
- Subjects who are pregnant are not eligible. Subjects with a history of intolerance or
allergy to Creon 20 will be excluded from the study.