District of Columbia
The primary aim of this double-blind, randomized clinical trial (RCT) is to test the
hypothesis that the addition of a standardized technique of interpositional synthetic
polypropylene mesh placement improves the one-year outcome of vaginal reconstructive surgery
for anterior prolapse compared to traditional vaginal reconstructive surgery without mesh.
Multiple vaginal, abdominal and laparoscopic procedures have been described for surgical
correction of pelvic support problems. However, conventional pelvic reconstructive
surgeries have been associated with a 20-30% prolapse recurrence rate. The anterior vaginal
wall is the site most often recognized as the area of vaginal prolapse recurrence.
Minimally invasive surgical procedures using mesh have rapidly developed in the field of
pelvic floor reconstruction in an attempt to improve surgical cure rates. Unfortunately,
safety and efficacy data have lagged behind the technical advancements.
This trial will randomize women with advanced anterior wall prolapse to two treatment arms:
vaginal reconstructive surgery with mesh and vaginal reconstructive surgery without mesh.
The primary outcome is cure of anterior wall prolapse at one year. Secondary outcomes are
cure of apical and posterior wall prolapse, quality-of-life measures and complication rates.
Patients will be approached for recruitment only after they have made the decision to
undergo vaginal surgery for anterior prolapse. The patient and examiner will be blinded to
the surgical treatment assignment. Interim measurement of primary and secondary outcomes
will be conducted three months post-operatively. Additional follow-up will be conducted at
one-year intervals subsequent to the expected one-year endpoint.
1. women age > 21
2. diagnosed with stage II-IV vaginal prolapse who desire reconstructive surgery
3. available for 12 months of follow-up
4. able to complete study questionnaires and assessments.
5. available for 12 months follow-up
1. Uterus in place.
2. No anterior vaginal prolapse.
3. Medical contraindications, e.g. current urinary tract, vaginal or pelvic infection,
history of pelvic irradiation, history of lower urinary tract malignancy, chronic
steroid use or a compromised immune system.
4. Current intermittent self catheterization.
5. Pregnancy or desire for future fertility.
6. Presence of an adnexal or ovarian mass.
7. Shortened vagina.
8. Other laparoscopic or abdominal/pelvic surgery in the past 3 months.*
9. Known neurologic or medical condition affecting bladder function, e.g. multiple
sclerosis, spinal cord injury.
10. Need for surgery requiring an abdominal incision.
11. <12 months post-partum. (Enrollment can be deferred until time requirement has been