We hypothesize that the combination of mammography and CE-MRI will improve the surgeon and
radiologist's ability to define extent of disease prior to surgical resection, improve the
odds of obtaining clear surgical margins, and increase the efficacy of IORT delivered
immediately after initial surgical resection. In this investigation, we will determine
whether or not patients deemed eligible for 'immediate" IORT based on mammography and CE-MRI
can be successfully treated without the need for re-excision or additional radiotherapy due
to inadequate surgical margins.
- Patients with biopsy-proven DCIS, mammographic and CE-MRI evidence of DCIS measuring
great then equal to 4cm, and a desire to receive breast conserving therapy, will be
considered for participation in this study.
- Patient history, physical examination findings, and demographics (sex, age, height,
weight, bra size, etc.) will be performed and documented.
Inclusion Criteria for Initial Registration (all patients cohorts):
- Signed informed consent and HIPAA documents
- Female sex
- Age great then equal to 40 years
- Localized ductal carcinoma in situ
- Clinically and/or histologically negative axillary lymph nodes
- No imaging or clinical findings suggestive of invasive carcinoma.
Cohort 1 (Immediate IORT group)
- Localized DCIS measuring less then equal to 4 cm on preoperative imaging.
- Cohort 2 (Delayed IORT group)
- Localized DCIS measuring less then equal to4 cm or less on surgical pathology
- Delayed IORT could be performed for the explicit purpose of administering IORT or
performed following re-excision of a previously operated breast to achieve clear
- This cohort includes patients who were excluded from immediate IORT based on
pre-operative imaging suggesting ineligibility for immediate IORT, but who are
subsequently found to meet histological criteria (localized DCIS less then equal to 4
cm and no invasive cancer) for IORT based on surgical pathology.
- Unifocal microinvasive (T1mic or invasive focus less then equal to 1mm in maximal
diameter) is allowed following initial WLE if surgical pathology margins were less
then equal to2 mm for both the invasive and non-invasive components.
- Delayed IORT must be performed within 3 months of initial WLE.
- Cohort 3 Subjects who received IORT at the time of initial WLE but whose surgical
pathology showed them to be unsuitable candidates for IORT alone on the basis of:
- DCIS measuring greater than 5 cm on surgical pathology.
- T1a (less than 1 mm) or larger invasive carcinoma associated with extensive DCIS.
- Surgical margins width less than1 mm.
- Male sex
- Age less than 40
- DCIS associated with any evidence of microinvasion or invasive carcinoma on
pre-operative imaging or core biopsy of the breast or axillary nodes.
- DCIS that is multicentric in the ipsilateral breast. Multicentricity will be defined
at 2 or more lesions separated by more than 3 cm in the same breast.
- Non-epithelial breast malignancies such as sarcoma or lymphoma
- DCIS associated with diffuse suspicious or indeterminate microcalcifications
- Pregnancy or lactation
- Collagen vascular diseases, including Systemic lupus erythematosus, Systemic
sclerosis (scleroderma), CREST Syndrome (calcinosis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal
dysfunction, sclerodactyly, telangiectasia, and the presence of anticentromere
antibodies), polymyositis, dermatomyositis with a CPK level above normal or with an
active skin rash, inclusion-body myositis, or amyloidosis
- Serious psychiatric or addictive disorders