Expired Study
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St. Louis, Missouri 63110


Purpose:

This project aims to a) evaluate the effects of haloperidol, olanzapine, and risperidone in combination with valproate on insulin secretion and insulin actions, b) evaluate medication effects on abdominal fat, total body fat and total fat-free mass, and c) evaluate treatment effects on glucose tolerance, lipid profiles, and plasma levels of leptin, adiponectin, ghrelin and C-reactive protein. Hypotheses will be evaluated by measuring 1) insulin action and secretion using frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance tests, 2) body composition using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, magnetic resonance scans, and anthropomorphic measurements, and 3) changes in hormone levels and lipid profiles. The aims will be addressed in non-diabetic schizophrenia patients chronically treated with haloperidol, olanzapine or risperidone who will have valproate added to their treatment. Relevant data is critically needed to target basic research, identify long-term cardiovascular risks, and plan therapeutic interventions.


Study summary:

Schizophrenia is associated with increased rates of obesity, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus, causing increased morbidity and mortality due to acute (e.g., diabetic ketoacidosis) and long-term (e.g., vascular disease) complications. The association of type 2 diabetes and hyperglycemia with schizophrenia was first noted prior to the introduction of antipsychotic medications. However, additional glucoregulatory abnormalities, dyslipidemia, and increased adiposity have all been associated with antipsychotics. Risperidone and olanzapine are the most prescribed antipsychotics for schizophrenia in the U.S. In addition, schizophrenia patients in clinical practice are commonly treated with multi-class polypharmacy, with 35% of atypical antipsychotic prescriptions accompanied by co-prescription of valproate. This combination continues to increase in popularity, despite reports that the addition of valproate may further disturb glucose and lipid metabolism and weight regulation. While sensitive and validated measures of glucose and lipid metabolism and weight regulation are available, very few studies have addressed the metabolic consequences of this common type of polypharmacy. This project aims to a) evaluate the effects of haloperidol, olanzapine, and risperidone in combination with valproate on insulin secretion and insulin actions, b) evaluate medication effects on abdominal fat, total body fat and total fat-free mass, and c) evaluate treatment effects on glucose tolerance, lipid profiles, and plasma levels of leptin, adiponectin, ghrelin and C-reactive protein. Hypotheses will be evaluated by measuring 1) insulin action and secretion using frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance tests, 2) body composition using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, magnetic resonance scans, and anthropomorphic measurements, and 3) changes in hormone levels and lipid profiles. The aims will be addressed in non-diabetic schizophrenia patients chronically treated with haloperidol, olanzapine or risperidone who will have valproate added to their treatment. Relevant data is critically needed to target basic research, identify long-term cardiovascular risks, and plan therapeutic interventions.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Meets DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia, any type, treated with atypical or high potency typical neuroleptics for at least 3 months - Aged 18 to 60 years - Able to give informed consent - No antipsychotic medication changes for 3 months, and no other medication changes for 2 weeks prior to Baseline Evaluations. Exclusion Criteria: - Meets DSM-IV criteria for the diagnoses of substance abuse or dependence within the past 6 months - Involuntary legal status (as per Missouri law) - The presence of any serious medical disorder that may (as confirmed by peer-reviewed literature) confound the assessment of symptoms, relevant biologic measures or diagnosis. The following conditions are currently identified: - Type 1 diabetes mellitus or symptomatic type 2 diabetes mellitus - Any intra-abdominal or intrathoracic surgery or limb amputation within the prior 6 months - Any diagnosed cardiac condition causing documented hemodynamic compromise - Any diagnosed respiratory condition causing documented or clinically recognized hypoxia - Pregnancy or high dose estrogens, fever, narcotic therapy, acute sedative hypnotic withdrawal, corticosteroid or spironolactone therapy, dehydration, epilepsy, endocrine disease, high-dose benzodiazepine therapy (> 25 mg/day of diazepam), or any medical condition known to interfere with glucose utilization - Meets DSM-IV criteria for Mental Retardation (mild or worse).


NCT ID:

NCT00552500


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Daniel W Haupt, MD
Washington University School of Medicine


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

St. Louis, Missouri 63110
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 17, 2017

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