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Charleston, South Carolina 29425


Purpose:

The purpose of this pilot study is to determine the feasibility of conducting a trial of N-Acetylcysteine in cannabis dependent adolescents.


Study summary:

This project involves investigation of oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC) as a potential pharmacologic agent for treatment of cannabis dependence in adolescents. Cannabis dependence continues to be a major problem among adolescents in the United States. To date, psychosocial interventions have produced only small to modest effect sizes in controlled trials, and minimal work has been done to investigate the potential role for pharmacotherapy for cannabis dependence. Translating preclinical research suggesting a role for NAC in cocaine dependent individuals, our research group has developed preliminary evidence of decreased cocaine use and cue reactivity in humans taking NAC. Preclinical research has additionally demonstrated significant parallels in glutamatergic dysfunction in the nucleus accumbens (the proposed target of NAC treatment) between habitual cocaine and marijuana users. NAC is an inexpensive, long-available agent with a favorable tolerability profile in adults and children. However, it has not yet been studied in cannabis dependent adolescents. Hence, we are undertaking an open-label pilot trial of NAC in adolescents with cannabis dependence. The primary specific aims of the proposed project are: 1. To assess the feasibility of conducting a trial of NAC in cannabis dependent adolescents. 2. To assess the safety and tolerability of NAC in cannabis dependent adolescents The secondary specific aim of the proposed project is: 3. To gather variability information to assist in design of a larger-scale, adequately powered clinical trial of NAC in cannabis dependent adolescents. Primary hypotheses 1. It will be feasible to recruit and retain cannabis dependent adolescents in a trial of NAC. 2. NAC will be well tolerated among cannabis dependent adolescents. Secondary hypothesis 3. Adequate variability information will be gathered to design a larger-scale, adequately powered clinical trial of NAC in cannabis dependent adolescents. Twenty-four adolescents between 12 and 20 years old will be recruited in this study. Results from this project will be used to design further studies.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Male or female, 12 - 20 years old. - Participants must be regular smokers of marijuana (on average smoke at least 3 times per week for at least one year) and meet DSM-IV Criteria for cannabis dependence, with desire to cut down on marijuana use. - Participants must understand all oral and written informed consent and give such consent prior to on-site screening. - Participants must agree to refrain from marijuana use for 24 hours prior to each cue reactivity session (Visits 2 and 4). - Participants must have a person that can be contacted in case of emergency. - Participants must have had stable residence for the past 30 days. - Post-menarchal female participants must agree to use birth control to avoid pregnancy. Exclusion Criteria: - Allergy or intolerance to N-Acetylcysteine (NAC). - Pregnancy or lactation. - History of seizures. - Current or past history of asthma and/or the occasional or daily use of albuterol or other beta-agonist inhalers. - Current use of medications that might affect heart rate or skin conductance. - Use of carbamazepine or nitroglycerin (or any other medication deemed to be hazardous if taken with NAC) within 14 days of study. - History of significant hepatic, renal, endocrine, cardiac (i.e., arrhythmia requiring medication, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction,), stroke, seizure, neurological, psychiatric, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, hematologic, metabolic, or other disorders that may place the participant at increased risk per the judgment of the study physician.


NCT ID:

NCT00542750


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Kevin M Gray, MD
Medical University of South Carolina


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Charleston, South Carolina 29425
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: August 16, 2017

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