Expired Study
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New Haven, Connecticut 06519


Purpose:

Lofexidine is an experimental medication that may be beneficial in reducing opiate withdrawal symptoms, such as sleep difficulty, anxiety, and tension. The purpose of this study is to determine whether lofexidine in combination with naltrexone can improve an individual's ability to cope with stress and subsequently increase the chances of remaining abstinent from opiates.


Study summary:

Naltrexone is a medication currently used to treat opiate dependence. Naltrexone blocks the euphoric effects of opiates. However, naltrexone treatment suffers from high rates of drop-out and relapse. One possible explanation for this is that opiate addicts continue to experience stress in early recovery from opiate dependence. Lofexidine is an experimental medication currently used in the United Kingdom for opiate detoxification and to treat opiate withdrawal symptoms, including sleep difficulty, muscle pain, anxiety, and tension. The purpose of this study is to examine whether lofexidine in combination with naltrexone can improve an individual's ability to cope with stress. The study will examine whether this, in turn, increases the likelihood that an individual remains abstinent from opiates and maintains recovery for a longer time period. Participants in this 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial will be randomly assigned to receive either lofexidine or placebo while currently receiving standard naltrexone outpatient treatment. Lofexidine will be initiated at twice daily doses of 0.4 mg and increased to 0.8 mg by the end of Week 1. The doses will be increased to 1.2 mg by the end of Week 2, and maintained at this level for Weeks 3 through 12. During Week 12, lofexidine discontinuation will be tapered over 4 days. Hour-long study visits will occur 3 times each week to assess vital signs, medication side effects, and withdrawal symptoms. Blood, alcohol, and urine tests will be performed as well as a psychiatric evaluation. Administration of naltrexone will also occur 3 times each week. Follow-up visits will occur at Months 1 and 3 after discontinuation of lofexidine.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Meets DSM-IV criteria for opioid dependence - Eligible to take a daily dose of 50 mg of naltrexone - Normal EKG - Able to read English Exclusion Criteria: - Currently psychotic or psychiatrically disabled (e.g., suicidal, homicidal, manic) - Regular use of anticonvulsants, sedatives/hypnotics, prescription analgesics, antihypertensives (including clonidine), antiarrhythmics, antiretroviral medications, or tricyclic antidepressants - Underlying medical conditions, such as cerebral, kidney, thyroid, or cardiac pathology, and currently taking medications for any of these conditions - Abstinent from opiates for more than 4 weeks prior to initiation of naltrexone - Medical problems precluding naltrexone treatment, such as hepato-cellular injury, as evidenced by abnormal liver enzyme tests (greater than three times the normal level) and a history of cirrhosis - Hypotensive (resting blood pressure below 90/50 mm Hg) - Pregnant or breastfeeding - Use of an investigational drug within the 3 months prior to enrollment


NCT ID:

NCT00142909


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Rajita Sinha
Yale University


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

New Haven, Connecticut 06519
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: December 13, 2017

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