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Charleston, South Carolina 29425


Purpose:

Recent findings have suggested that N-acetylcysteine (NAC) substantially reduces cocaine drug-seeking behavior in formerly cocaine dependent rats. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety, tolerability, and cue reactivity effects of NAC in cocaine dependent individuals and non-dependent healthy controls.


Study summary:

Recent findings have suggested that N-acetylcysteine (NAC) substantially reduces cocaine-primed drug-seeking behavior in formerly cocaine dependent rats. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety, tolerability, and cue reactivity effects of NAC in cocaine dependent individuals and non-dependent healthy controls. Participants in this study will include 20 non-treatment seeking cocaine dependent individuals and 12 healthy, non-dependent controls. Participants will be recruited via word-of-mouth and advertisements. Cocaine dependent participants will undergo two 3-day hospital stays. Healthy controls will be followed throughout the study on an outpatient basis. All participants will be randomly assigned to receive either 600 mg of NAC or placebo. Medication or placebo will be administered twice each day. Participants will be evaluated for side effects throughout the study. After administration of the final dose of medication or placebo, participants will undergo cue reactivity testing. This will include a standardized protocol of slides demonstrating cocaine acquisition, use of cocaine, and cocaine-related paraphernalia. Before, during, and after cue reactivity procedures, standardized behavioral and cognitive scales will be used to assess cocaine craving, cocaine seeking, and subjective effects of the cocaine "high." The following week participants will be crossed over so that they will receive the other treatment. All study procedures will be performed a second time. Participants will be contacted during Week 3 in order to determine if any residual side effects or adverse events occurred from the medication and treatment.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Not seeking treatment for drugs of abuse - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV diagnosis of cocaine dependence (not applicable for individuals enrolling as healthy controls) - Positive urine drug screen test for cocaine (not applicable for individuals enrolling as healthy controls) - Females must use adequate forms of contraception throughout the study - Stable residence for the 30 days prior to enrollment - No history of N-acetylcysteine within the 7 days prior to enrollment - Nicotine smokers staying at the inpatient unit must use the nicotine patch during inpatient stay Exclusion Criteria: - Dependence on any psychoactive substance other than alcohol, nicotine, or marijuana; control subjects cannot be dependent on cocaine - Need for medication detoxification for alcohol - History of psychiatric disorders, including depression, bipolar disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, dementia, and organic brain disorder - Suicidal or homicidal behavior within the 30 days prior to enrollment - History of psychotic symptoms, including those observed during cocaine use - History of serious medical illness, including cardiovascular disease, angina, myocardial infarction, liver disease, and kidney disease - History of neurologic, metabolic, neoplastic, nutritional, inflammatory, or endocrine disorders - Court requirement to receive treatment - Expecting elective surgery within the 5 weeks prior to enrollment - Known hypersensitivity to N-acetylcysteine - Use of antidepressants (such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or tricyclics), dopamine agonists, or psychotropic medications (such as anticonvulsants, antipsychotics, anxiolytics, or psychostimulants) within the 14 days prior to enrollment - Pregnant or breastfeeding - History of asthma - History of seizures - Participation in treatment for cocaine abuse within the 30 days prior to enrollment - Lactose intolerance


NCT ID:

NCT00136825


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Steven D LaRowe, Ph.D.
Medical University of South Carolina


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Charleston, South Carolina 29425
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: December 12, 2017

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