The aim of this study is to examine whether pantoprazole (Protonix) given through continuous
intravenous infusion for 72 hours is superior to Protonix given through once a day IV
injection in the treatment of erosive esophagitis.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very common disease that affects 20-50% of
adults in Western Countries. The disease can be divided into three clinical categories:
nonerosive reflux disease (NERD), erosive reflux disease (ERD), and Barrett's esophagus.
Intravenous (IV) infusion produces a faster and steadier acid suppression than an oral
regimen. Furthermore, some patients with severe erosive esophagitis cannot take pills by
mouth and will benefit from an IV formulation. Recently, we observed healing of severe
erosive esophagitis with continuous IV pantoprazole in several patients in 3 days. The
safety of IV pantoprazole has been demonstrated in patients with GERD, with
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, or bleeding ulcer. This study is to define the safety and
efficacy of continuous IV pantoprazole in the treatment of severe erosive esophagitis.
Comparison: The continuous IV pantoprazole compared to the once a day IV pantoprazole for 72
hours in the treatment of severe erosive esophagitis.
- Patients must be men or non-pregnant women (a documented negative pregnancy test at
enrollment for females of child bearing age) at least 18 years of age
- Patients who present with a severe erosive esophagitis - confirmed by endoscopy (a
baseline endoscopy within 24 hours of study enrollment) to be grade five or six, with
or without stricture and/or ulcer
- Patients or their legally authorized representatives must be capable of understanding
or giving signed and dated informed consent before the study
- Patients with a high probability for compliance and completion of the study
- Patients with less than grade five esophagitis
- Patients with esophagitis other than reflux esophagitis, such as infectious
esophagitis and esophageal cancer
- Patients who present with gastrointestinal bleeding, hematocrit decrease greater than
6 units or require more than 2 units transfusion at the presentation or during the
time of the study
- Patients with severe comorbidities, such as liver diseases with asparate transaminase
(AST) or alanine transaminase (ALT) greater than 3 times upper limit normal (ULN);
alkaline phosphatase greater than 5 times the ULN; total bilirubin greater than 3.0
mg/dl; kidney diseases with serum creatinine greater than 2.0 mg/dl in men or 1.6
mg/dl in women; heart diseases; lung diseases; sepsis; and airway intubation.
- Patients with history of glaucoma in either eye; history of any intraocular eye
surgery within preceding 3 months; history of, or presence of, signs of optic nerve
swelling; history of acute change in vision; or vision loss in either eye.
- Patients with any malignancy (except skin cancer) which required therapy within the
last 6 months
- Patients with history of allergy to any proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) including
- Patients with known human immunodeficiency virus infection
- Patients with organ transplantation
- Patients without the ability to comply with the study protocol and complete the study
in the judgment of the investigator
- Patients with prior administration of any PPI (within 72 hours) or histamine-2
receptor antagonist (within previous 24 hours) of study enrollment