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St. Louis, Missouri 63110


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to test whether perioperative estrogen replacement in postmenopausal women reduces the risk for neurologic injury after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.


Study summary:

BACKGROUND: Women undergoing CABG surgery have a higher operative mortality rate, longer hospitalizations, and higher hospital costs compared with men. A large proportion of this excess morbidity and mortality of surgery for women is due to perioperative neurologic injury. Estrogen has been consistently shown to reduce the extent of neurologic injury in a variety of in vitro and animal experimental stroke models. These data together strongly suggest that the higher risk for perioperative neurologic complications for elderly women may relate to their estrogen deficient state. DESIGN NARRATIVE: This randomized, placebo controlled study will test the hypothesis that perioperative estrogen replacement in postmenopausal women reduces the risk for neurologic injury after CABG surgery. Three hundred thirty-four women undergoing CABG surgery will be prospectively randomized to receive either 17 beta-estradiol or placebo in a double-blind fashion beginning the day before surgery and continuing for 5 days after surgery. Patients will be assessed for neurocognitive dysfunction, which is the most common manifestation of neurologic injury from cardiac surgery. Neurocognitive testing will be performed 1 to 2 days before surgery, 4 to 6 weeks postoperatively, and 6 months after surgery. The primary endpoint will be neurocognitive function 4 to 6 weeks after surgery for women who received 17 beta- estradiol compared with placebo perioperatively. The trial will also evaluate the importance of postoperative cognitive decline on measures of cognitive function and quality of life 6 months after surgery, and whether perioperative 17 beta-estradiol treatment improves these outcomes.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients whose scheduled procedure is CABG surgery OR - Patients whose scheduled procedure is isolated aortic surgery OR - Patients whose scheduled procedure is mitral valve surgery OR - Patients whose scheduled procedure is CABG combined with aortic or mitral valve surgery Exclusion Criteria: - Patients having re-operations - Patients having combined carotid endarterectomy with CABG surgery - Patients having CABG with tricuspid valve surgery - Patients having mitral and aortic valvular surgery (with or without CABG surgery) - Elevation of liver function test before surgery or creatinine before surgery greater than 2 mg/dl - Emergency surgery - Severe cognitive impairment before surgery as indicated by clinical history and/or a score greater than 12 on the Short Blessed Dementia Screening Test (see d11) - Inability to attend outpatient visits - A history of venous thromboembolism - Unexplained vaginal bleeding - A history of breast cancer or personal history of endometrial cancer in the absence of hysterectomy - Estrogen use within 6 months of the surgery - Patient refusal to participate - Inability to speak and read English or visual impairment


NCT ID:

NCT00123539


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Charles W. Hogue, Jr., MD
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medi


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

St. Louis, Missouri 63110
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: December 12, 2017

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