The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety, tolerability and anti-tumor effects
of treatment with samarium Sm-153 lexidronam in combination with docetaxel in patients with
castrate metastatic prostate cancer.
The principal objective of this trial is to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and anti-tumor
effects of a novel bone-targeted regimen consisting of Samarium Sm-153 lexidronam combined
with docetaxel and prednisone. This present study design permits evaluation of the clinical
activity of combining two distinct agents that have shown benefit for the treatment of
patients with advanced androgen-independent prostate cancer and bone metastases. It enables
assessment of potential synergistic interactions between a cytotoxic chemotherapy agent and
a bone-targeting radioisotope agent in the setting of a bone-targeted therapy.
- Have histological evidence of adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
- Have progressive castrate metastatic disease.
- Castrate levels of testosterone (<50 ng/ml). Treatment to maintain castrate levels
of testosterone must be continued.
- Must have evidence of at least 3 bone metastases on bone scan.
- Patients for whom initial hormone treatment (exclusive of neoadjuvant hormone
therapy) was a combined androgen blockade approach, must show progression of disease
following withdrawal of the anti-androgen prior to enrollment.
- Patients undergoing prior bisphosphonate treatments are eligible.
- Patients who have received one prior treatment with 153Sm lexidronam or 89Sr are
eligible provided it is at least 12 weeks from treatment with 153Sm lexidronam or 24
weeks from treatment with 89Sr.
- Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks (based on co-morbidity).
- Lab requirements:
- White Blood Count (WBC) ≥ 3,000/mm3;
- Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/ mm3;
- Platelet (PLT) ≥ 100,000/mm3;
- Hemoglobin (HGB) ≥ 10 mg/dl;
- Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dl;
- ALT/AST≤ 3 times the upper limit of normal;
- Serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dl.
- Patients must sign an informed consent.
- Patients with small cell carcinoma.
- Patients with predominant visceral metastases (>3 lung or liver lesions) or
symptomatic lymphadenopathy (scrotal or pedal edema).
- Patients who have received more than one course of external beam radiation therapy
directed at bone lesions.
- Clinically significant cardiac disease (New York Heart Association Class III/IV).
- History of other malignancies (other than non-melanoma skin cancer), unless in
complete remission or off therapy for that disease for at least five years.
- Have or are participating in a research study protocol or clinical trial protocol
within 30 days of the date of the baseline visit.