The purpose of this study is to determine if recipients of non-myeloablative ex-vivo T-cell
depleted peripheral blood (PBSC) stem cell transplantation using a mismatched related donor
will have less severe graft versus host disease (GVHD), transplant related mortality, and
less graft failure compared to alternative haploidentical stem cell transplantation.
One major obstacle to further advancement in the role of bone marrow transplant (BMT) in
hematological malignancies is graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD), which can best be prevented
by removing T-cells from the donor stem cell product. However, previous experience with
T-cell depletion has been associated with an increased rate of engraftment failure and
leukemic relapse. Another obstacle is that a large fraction of leukemia and lymphomas
afflict older patients who are more prone to GVHD and have co-morbid conditions that prevent
them from being a candidate for BMT.
This trial uses a non-myeloablative conditioning regimen with cyclophosphamide, MEDI-507,
fludarabine, and thymic irradiation followed by a T-cell depleted PBSC infusion.
Cyclosporine is used for GVHD prophylaxis, and tapered beginning on day 35. Data from our
mouse model and previous clinical trials have demonstrated that this approach can induce
mixed chimerism without GVHD, with the potential for conversion of mixed chimerism to full
donor hematopoiesis following donor leukocyte infusions.
- Disease Status: NHL, HD, MM that are chemorefractory or relapsed; CLL that is Rai
stage III or IV, or lymphocyte doubling time of 6 months, or stage I/II resistant to
> 2 cycles of chemotherapy regimens; CML in accelerated or blast phase; MDS with
life-threatening cytopenias; patients who have had a previous autologous or
allogeneic bone marrow or stem cell transplant; other hematological disorders where
allogeneic transplant is appropriate and the risk of conventional transplantation is
considered to be unacceptably high.
- estimated disease free survival of less than one year
- ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2
- HLA 1 to 3 mismatched (at A, B, DR loci) related donor
- Cardiac disease: symptomatic congestive heart failure, ejection fraction of < 45%,
active angina pectoris or uncontrolled hypertension.
- Pulmonary disease: severe chronic obstructive lung disease, or symptomatic
restrictive lung disease, or corrected DLCO of < 50%
- Renal disease: serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dl or creatinine clearance < 50 ml/min
- Hepatic disease: serum bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dl or alkaline phosphate, SGPT or SGOT > 3
- Neurologic disease: symptomatic leukoencephalopathy, active CNS malignancy or other
neuropsychiatric abnormalities believed to preclude transplantation
- HIV antibody or Hepatitis B surface antigen positivity
- Uncontrolled infection
- Presence of HAMA or HAHA in patient previously treated with monoclonal antibody
therapy or who have received a product in which the preparation involved a monoclonal
antibody affinity step