Expired Study
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New York, New York


Purpose:

The objective of this randomized trial is to assess the effectiveness of an intervention involving education, self-efficacy, and social support in improving quality of life outcomes among 296 adult asthma patients treated in the emergency room. The main outcome will be a comparison of within-patient change in quality of life between enrollment and 8 weeks. Secondary objectives will be to assess the effectiveness of the intervention in decreasing the need for rescue inhaled beta agonists, in improving peak flow meter rates, and in decreasing the number of days lost from work or school due to asthma. These outcomes will be measured again at 16 weeks to determine if benefits are sustained. Additional outcomes at 16 weeks and 1 year will be to assess the effectiveness of the intervention in decreasing urgent resource utilization for asthma and cost effectiveness.


Study summary:

BACKGROUND: Many urban asthma emergency room patients lack effective self-management. Most current training programs are administered in outpatient settings and have low attendance rates for emergency room patients. There is a great need to develop effective programs that can be easily administered in the emergency room for patients who, in many cases, are not present in other settings to receive education. This proposal builds on preliminary studies and is tailored to provide emergency room patients with basic education during "a teachable moment" when they may be most receptive to asthma information. DESIGN NARRATIVE: Patients will be recruited from two New York City urban emergency rooms or inpatient settings and randomized to the intervention or control groups. Intervention patients will receive a protocol focusing on asthma self-management, education, self-efficacy, and social support, with telephone reinforcement for 8 weeks. Control patients will receive standard emergency room education about asthma.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients will be eligible if they are 18 years of age or older - Fluent in English - Have a known diagnosis of asthma - Will receive treatment for asthma during the current hospitalization or emergency room visit. Exclusion Criteria: - Cognitive deficits - Other pulmonary diseases or severe comorbidity - Do not have out-patient access to a telephone


NCT ID:

NCT00110409


Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Carol A. Mancuso, MD
Hospital for Special Surgery, New York


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

New York, New York
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: December 10, 2017

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