Healthy postmenopausal women not currently taking hormone replacement or hormone modulating
therapy take a 3-month course of estradiol/raloxifene/placebo to evaluate the effects of
each on vascular function, as indicated by PET coronary flow reserve studies and brachial
artery ultrasound, before and after use of the therapies. This is a randomized,
placebo-controlled, blinded study.
- Postmenopausal women (no menses for greater than or equal to 12 months, or s/p
[status post] hysterectomy with bilateral ovariectomy) not currently taking hormone
replacement therapy (within previous 3 months)
- Normal mammogram within previous 12 months
- Current or recent (within previous 3 months) hormone replacement therapy
- Current or recent (within previous 3 months) use of hormone alternatives such as
raloxifene, tamoxifen, or soy estrogen preparations.
- LDL Cholesterol > 160 mg/dl.
- History of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, peripheral vascular disease,
cerebrovascular disease, current smoking, history of DVT (deep vein thrombosis) or PE
(pulmonary embolism), active gallbladder disease, family history of premature (men
under 55 yrs, women under 65 yrs) coronary artery disease
- History of breast, uterine, or ovarian cancer Contraindication to adenosine
administration (i.e., significant bronchospastic pulmonary disease, higher degree
- Inability to give informed consent
- Inability to temporarily (for 24 hours) discontinue potential vasoactive drugs, such
as anti-inflammatory agents and aspirin, at least 24 hours prior to the examinations.
- History of coronary heart disease