The purpose of this study is
- to find out the effects of treating patients with two new chemotherapy drugs
(bortezomib and Revlimid™),
- to study how many patients' myeloma responds to treatment on this study, and how many
patients survive after this treatment,
- to learn if a patient's genetic makeup before and after treatment can predict which
patients will respond to bortezomib and Revlimid™, and to learn more about how the body
responds (gene array studies).
Two new drugs BORTEZOMIB (Velcade®, PS-341) and REVLIMID (CC-5013) have been shown in recent
studies to be effective in patients with advanced multiple myeloma. This study is being
done to learn more about the best way to administer these drugs, either alone or in
combination. Since it is not known at this time which treatment is the best, participants
will be placed by chance in one of the three treatment groups:
- BORTEZOMIB alone
- BORTEZOMIB + REVLIMID
- BORTEZOMIB in a lower dose + REVLIMID.
This chance selection process is called randomization and is often used in research studies.
- History of histologically documented Multiple Myeloma (MM) previously enrolled on
UARK 98-026 with relapsed or progressive disease after at least one autologous
- Patient has measurable disease in which to capture response, defined as: a. Serum
M-protein level > or =1.0 gm/dl (10.0 g/L) measured by serum protein electrophoresis
or immunoglobulin electrophoresis b. Urinary M-protein excretion > or =200 mg/24 hrs
c. Bone marrow plasmacytosis of > or =30% by bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy d.
Serum Free Light Chains (By the Freelite test) > 2X normal.
- Performance status of < or = 2 as per Zubrod scale, unless PS of 3 based solely on
- Patients must have a platelet count > or = 50,000/mm3, and an ANC of at least
- Patients must have adequate renal function defined as serum creatinine < or =3.0
- Patients must have adequate hepatic function defined as serum transaminases and
direct bilirubin < or =2 x the upper limit of normal.
- Pregnant or nursing women may not participate. Women of childbearing potential must
have a negative pregnancy documented within one week of registration. Women of
reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an
effective contraceptive method.
- Male or female adults of at least 18 years of age.
- Patients must have signed an IRB-approved written informed consent form and
demonstrate willingness to meet follow-up schedule and study procedure obligations
- Chemotherapy or radiotherapy received within the previous 2 weeks.
- Not previously enrolled on UARK 98-026.
- Has received either CC-5013 or bortezomib therapy after discontinuing from UARK
- Significant neurotoxicity, defined as grade > or = 2 neurotoxicity per NCI Common
- Platelet count < 50,000/mm3, or ANC < 1,000/μl
- POEMS Syndrome
- Clinically significant hepatic dysfunction as noted by bilirubin or AST >3 times the
upper normal limit or clinically significant concurrent hepatitis.
- New York Hospital Association (NYHA) Class III or Class IV heart failure
- Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months.
- Non-secretory MM, unless the patient has measurable lesions on CT, MRI and/or PET.
- Uncontrolled, active infection requiring IV antibiotics.
- Patients with a history of treatment for clinically significant ventricular cardiac
- Poorly controlled hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or other serious or psychiatric
illness that could potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according
to this protocol.
- Pregnant or potential for pregnancy. Women of childbearing potential will have a
pregnancy test at screening, and will be required to use a medically approved
contraceptive method. Pregnancy testing will be performed prior to administration of
each cycle of study drug.
- Breast-feeding women may not participate.
- Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide.