RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a gene-modified virus may make the body build an immune
response to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and
carboplatin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing
or die. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining vaccine
therapy with chemotherapy and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well giving vaccine therapy together with
paclitaxel, carboplatin, and radiation therapy works in treating patients with stage III
non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be removed with surgery.
- Determine the safety and feasibility of standard paclitaxel, carboplatin, and
radiotherapy in combination with vaccinia-CEA-TRICOM vaccine, fowlpox-CEA-TRICOM
vaccine, and recombinant fowlpox GM-CSF vaccine in patients with unresectable stage III
non-small cell lung cancer.
- Determine clinical response in patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine time to disease progression and overall median survival of patients treated
with this regimen.
- Determine immunologic response in patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: This is a pilot study.
- Vaccine: Patients receive vaccinia-CEA-TRICOM vaccine subcutaneously (SC) on day 0 and
fowlpox-CEA-TRICOM (rF-CEA-TRICOM) vaccine SC on days 14, 29, 43, 57, 70, 91, and 112.
Patients also receive recombinant fowlpox GM-CSF (rF-GM-CSF) vaccine SC with each
vaccination. Patients with stable or responding disease after day 112 continue to
receive rF-CEA-TRICOM and rF-GM-CSF SC every 3 weeks in the absence of disease
progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Radiotherapy: Patients undergo radiotherapy on days 21-25, 28-32, 35-39, 42-46, 49-53,
56-60, and 63-67.
- Chemotherapy: Concurrently with radiotherapy, patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1
hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on days 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, and 63.
Patients also receive paclitaxel and carboplatin on days 91 and 112 (after completion
Patients are followed annually for up to 15 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 10 patients will be accrued for this study within 4-6 months.
- Histologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer
- Stage III (locally advanced) disease
- Unresectable disease
- Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-positive (staining ≥ 20% of cells) tumor by
- No distant metastases
- 18 and over
- ECOG 0-1
- At least 6 months
- Granulocyte count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
- Absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 600/mm^3
- Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL
- Bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL
- AST ≤ 2 times upper limit of normal
- Hepatitis B and C negative
- Creatinine normal OR
- Creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min
- No unstable or newly diagnosed angina pectoris
- No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
- No New York Heart Association class II-IV congestive heart failure
- HIV negative
- No altered immune function
- No active or history of eczema
- No atopic dermatitis
- No autoimmune disease, including any of the following:
- Autoimmune neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, or hemolytic anemia
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Sjögren's syndrome
- Myasthenia gravis
- Goodpasture's syndrome
- Addison's disease
- Hashimoto's thyroiditis
- Active Graves' disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- No known history of allergy or serious reaction to prior vaccination with vaccina
- No known allergy to eggs
- No active or history of extensive psoriasis, severe acneiform rash, impetigo,
varicella zoster, burns, or other traumatic or pruritic skin condition
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 4 months after study
- No history of seizures or encephalitis
- Able to avoid close household contact with the following individuals for at least 3
weeks after vaccinia vaccination:
- Children under 3 years of age
- Pregnant or nursing women
- Individuals with a history of or active eczema or other eczematoid skin
- Individuals with other acute, chronic, or exfoliative skin conditions (e.g.,
atopic dermatitis, impetigo, burns, varicella zoster, severe acne, or other open
rashes or wounds)
- Immunodeficient or immunosuppressed individuals, including HIV-positive persons,
by disease or therapy
- No other active malignancy within the past 2 years
- No other concurrent serious illness
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- At least 3 years since prior immunotherapy with related vaccinia and fowlpox vaccines
- At least 3 years since prior antigen-specific peptides
- No other concurrent immunotherapy
- No prior paclitaxel or carboplatin for lung cancer
- At least 3 years since prior chemotherapy
- No other concurrent chemotherapy
- No concurrent steroids, except for any of the following:
- Topical steroids
- Inhaled steroids for mild or moderate asthma
- Dexamethasone as premedication for paclitaxel OR for short-term doses (48-72
hours in duration) to control refractory nausea that is not responding to other
- Systemic corticosteroids for ≥ grade 3 radiation pneumonitis
- No steroid eye-drops for at least 3 weeks after vaccinia vaccination
- No concurrent hormonal therapy
- No concurrent systemic glucocorticoids
- No prior radiotherapy to the lung fields
- No prior thoracic radiotherapy for lung cancer
- No other concurrent radiotherapy
- Surgical scars must be healed
- No prior splenectomy
- No concurrent major surgical procedure
- Recovered from all prior therapy
- No other concurrent anticancer agent or therapy