Expired Study
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Bethesda, Maryland 20892


Purpose:

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from donor tumor cells may make the body build an immune response to kill cancer cells. PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of vaccine therapy and to see how well it works in treating patients with advanced refractory or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer.


Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: Primary - Determine the side effects, dose-limiting toxicity, and maximum tolerated dose of vaccination comprising α-1,3-galactosyltransferase-expressing allogeneic tumor cells (HyperAcute™ Lung Cancer Vaccine) in patients with advanced refractory or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer. (phase I, completed 10/06/09) - Determine tumor response rate in patients treated with this vaccine. (phase II) Secondary - Determine the immunological response in patients treated with this vaccine. (phase II) - Determine the survival distribution and duration of response in patients treated with this vaccine. (phase II) OUTLINE: This is a non-randomized, open-label, dose-escalation followed by a phase II study. (Phase I is closed to accrual as of 10/06/09) Patients receive vaccination comprising α-1,3-galactosyltransferase-expressing allogeneic tumor cells (HyperAcute™ Lung Cancer Vaccine [HAL]) intradermally on days 1, 29, 57, and 85 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of HAL vaccine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. A total of 6 patients receive treatment at the MTD. Some patients undergo tumor tissue biopsies at baseline and after 3 vaccinations for cellular immune response by IHC assays. Blood samples are also collected at baseline and periodically during study for immune response by ELISA, total immunophenotyping by FACS, and Western Blot. Quality of life is assessed at baseline; days 29, 57, 85, 99, and 127; and then every 2 months for 1 year. Patients are followed monthly for 1 year, every 3 months for 2 years, and then annually for 15 years. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 54 patients will be accrued for this study within 3-4 years.


Criteria:

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) - The following cellular subtypes are eligible: - Bronchoalveolar (papillary) carcinoma - Squamous cell (epidermoid) - Adenocarcinoma - Large cell anaplastic - Mixed hystologie of NSCLC (i.e., adenosquamous) allowed - No mixed NSCLC and small cell lung carcinoma or variant large and small cell lung carcinoma - Must meet criteria for 1 of the following stages: - Stage IV (any T, any N, M1) - Metastatic - Progressive, recurrent, or refractory - Patients should have: - NSCLC sites that are accessible to needle, punch, or other limited biopsy - Sites may include skin and soft tissue metastases, adrenal gland metastases, or peripheral lymph nodes (supraclavicular, axillary, or inquinal) - A pulmonary lesion at low-risk for biopsy and/or complications defined as lesions >1.5 cm surrounded by aerated lung, pleural-based masses >1.5 cm and lesions not associated with a major pulmonary vessel, or other disease sites that may undergo biopsy with minimal discomfort and risk to the patient (these sites are optional) - Measurable or nonmeasurable disease - No active CNS metastases or carcinomatous meningitis - Ineligible for other curative intent treatment (e.g., surgical resection) PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - 18 and over Performance status - ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy - At least 4 months Hematopoietic - Hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dL - Absolute granulocyte count ≥ 1,000/mm^3 - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 - Absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 475/mm^3 Hepatic - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 times ULN - Albumin ≥ 3.0 g/dL - Hepatitis B and C negative - No liver cirrhosis Renal - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN OR - Creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min - No hypercalcemia > 2.9 mmol/L that is unresponsive to standard therapy (e.g., IV hydration, diuretics, calcitonin, and/or bisphosphonate therapy) Cardiovascular - No significant or uncontrolled congestive heart failure - No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months - No significant ventricular arrhythmias within the past 6 months Pulmonary - No significant pulmonary dysfunction - A history of asthma or mild active asthma is allowed Immunologic - HIV negative - No active infection or unexplained fever (i.e., temperature > 38.1°C) - No autoimmune disease (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus or active rheumatoid arthritis) - No known allergy to any component of the study drug or cell lines from which it was derived Other - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 1 month after study participation - Willing to undergo tumor core needle biopsy, punch or other similar biopsy pre-vaccination and again post-vaccination - No other malignancy within the past 5 years except malignancies for which the probability of recurrence is less than 5%, curatively treated squamous cell or basal cell skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix - No other serious medical condition that would limit life expectancy to less than 2 years - No other medical or psychiatric condition (e.g., untreated schizophrenia or other significant cognitive impairment) that would preclude study participation PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - See Chemotherapy - At least 4 weeks since prior biological or targeted therapy Chemotherapy - See Disease Characteristics - Prior surgery, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, and/or chemotherapy regimens for NSCLC, including neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment, allowed - Preoperative neoadjuvant and postoperative (within 12 weeks after surgery) adjuvant chemotherapy with the same agent is considered 1 prior regimen - Gefitinib, erlotinib, monoclonal antibodies, or other small molecule or targeted therapies will be considered as prior chemotherapy or immunotherapy - At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin) Endocrine therapy - No concurrent systemic corticosteroids - Concurrent inhaled or topical corticosteroids are allowed - No concurrent replacement therapy for hypoadrenalism Radiotherapy - At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery - No prior organ transplantation - At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery Other - Recovered from all prior therapy (except alopecia and fatigue) - More than 1 week since prior antibiotics - No concurrent tacrolimus - No other concurrent immunosuppressive therapy


NCT ID:

NCT00075790


Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Giuseppe Giaccone, MD, PhD
NCI - Medical Oncology Branch


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Bethesda, Maryland 20892
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: December 15, 2017

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