This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of GTI-2040 and high-dose
cytarabine in treating patients with refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia. GTI-2040
may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for cancer cell
growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cytarabine, use different ways to stop cancer
cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving GTI-2040 together with cytarabine
may kill more cancer cells.
I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose of GTI-2040 and
high-dose cytarabine in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia.
I. Determine the therapeutic response in patients treated with this regimen. II. Determine
the pharmacokinetics of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Patients are stratified according to age (under
age 60 vs age 60 and over). Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 strata.
Stratum I (under age 60): Patients receive GTI-2040 IV continuously on days 1-6 and
high-dose cytarabine IV over 2 hours twice daily on days 2, 4, and 6.
Stratum II (age 60 and over): Patients receive GTI-2040 IV continuously on days 1-6 and
high-dose cytarabine IV over 4 hours once daily on days 2-6.
In both strata, treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
Cohorts of 3-6 patients per stratum receive escalating doses of GTI-2040 and high-dose
cytarabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the
dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 6-51patients will be accrued for this study within 2-16
- Histologically confirmed acute myeloid leukemia according to the WHO classification
- Relapsed or refractory disease, meeting 1 of the following criteria:
- Unresponsive to initial treatment
- Recurrent disease after treatment with prior conventional or high-dose
chemotherapy with or without stem cell support
- CNS involvement allowed provided there are no residual leukemic cells detected in the
cerebrospinal fluid after intrathecal or radiation chemotherapy
- Performance status - ECOG 0-2
- At least 4 weeks
- Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal* (ULN) (unless due to
- AST and ALT no greater than 3 times ULN*
- Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL*
- No symptomatic congestive heart failure
- No unstable angina pectoris
- No cardiac arrhythmia
- Resting ejection fraction at least 50%*
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
- No prior allergy to study medications
- No ongoing or active infection requiring IV antibiotics
- No other concurrent uncontrolled illness
- No serious medical or psychiatric illness that would preclude giving informed consent
- More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (except hydroxyurea) (6 weeks for
nitrosoureas or mitomycin)
- No other concurrent chemotherapy
- No concurrent hormonal therapy except steroids for adrenal failure and hormones for
non-disease-related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes)
- More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy
- No concurrent palliative radiotherapy
- Prior therapy with antisense oligonucleotides allowed provided no toxic effects were
experienced that were directly attributable to the antisense agents
- No other concurrent investigational agents
- No other concurrent anticancer therapy
- No concurrent chronic systemic anticoagulant therapy for medical conditions (e.g.,
prior deep vein thrombosis or atrial fibrillation)
- Concurrent heparin to maintain central line patency (i.e., catheter flush) is
- No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients