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Richmond,, Virginia 23298


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of three variable dental implant attachment methodologies in conjunction with lower dental-implant retained/supported complete overdenture treatment. These three methods are all presently used by dental practitioners, but vary significantly in terms of added treatment cost and complexity. The study tests the hypothesis that the least complex and costly method provides an equivalent treatment outcome to other more complex and costly methods.


Study summary:

This project utilizes 30 subjects in a prospective, randomly assigned clinical study that uses a four-period, six sequence, three treatment crossover design to test the hypothesis that defined outcomes of variable implant overdenture treatments are equivalent. The project tests three overdenture treatment modalities, (1) four-implant, bar/clip-attached treatment, (2) two-implant, bar/clip-attached treatment, and (3) two-implant independently attached (O-ring) treatment. Each subject has four dental implants placed into the anterior mandible and new dentures are fabricated. After successful implant integration, subjects are randomly assigned to one of six sequences of treatment. Each treatment is followed for data collection for at least twelve months before the mandibular denture is modified to incorporate the next treatment in the sequence. Equivalence is measured in terms of prosthesis retention, stability, supporting and peri-implant tissue response, patient satisfaction/preference and treatment complications/failures. Information from this study will assist dental practitioners during treatment planning in selecting appropriate and cost effective treatment choices. There is an inverse relationship between edentulism in the U.S. population and socioeconomic status. If less costly and simplified treatment methods are shown to provide an equivalent treatment outcome to more costly/complex methods, these simplified treatments can be used to treat a larger percentage of the edentulous population.


Criteria:

Inclusion: - Adult patient; - Male or female; - At least one year of previous conventional complete denture treatment history; - Willing to accept the conditions of the study and informed consent freely given; - Ability to participate for 6 years; - Able to understand and respond to self-reporting measurement scales used in the study; - Minimum 20-mm interarch distance at the estimated vertical dimension of occlusion; - Adequate bone quality; - Adequate bone quantity to accommodate minimally four 3.75-mm diameter by 7-mm long Brånemark implants. Exclusion: - Administrative or physical considerations which would seriously affect the surgical procedure or construe a hindrance for a six-year involvement; - History of drug or alcohol abuse; - Excessive smoking (1+ pack/day); - Uncontrolled systemic disease; - Inability to undergo minor oral surgery because of health or personal reasons; - Irradiated surgical site; - Unrealistic expectations of the prosthodontic treatment outcome; - Psychological or psychiatric conditions that could influence the subject's reaction to treatment; - Acute or chronic TMD problems; - pregnancy; - Class II jaw relationship; - Conventional dental treatment the treatment of choice.


NCT ID:

NCT00066014


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
David R Burns
Virginia Commonwealth University


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Richmond,, Virginia 23298
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: December 15, 2017

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