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Bethesda, Maryland 20892


This study will examine the effectiveness and side effects of an experimental vaccine to prevent recurrence of melanoma. The likelihood of melanoma returning is higher in patients who have melanoma lesions deep in the skin, in patients who have had positive lymph nodes, and in patients who have had surgery for metastatic disease (cancer that has spread beyond the primary site). Melanoma tumors produce proteins called gp100 and MART-1. Vaccination with specific pieces of these proteins (peptides) may boost the immune system's fight against the cancer. The vaccine injections are mixed with an oil-based substance called Montanide ISA-51, which is intended to increase the immune response to the peptide. Patients 16 years of age and older whose melanoma has been surgically removed and who are currently free of disease may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a physical examination and blood and urine tests. An electrocardiogram (EKG), x-rays and other imaging studies will be done if recent results are not available. Some candidates may require heart tests, such as a cardiac stress test or echocardiogram, or lung function tests. In addition, all candidates will be tested for HLA tissue type; patients must be type HLA-A*0201, the type on which this vaccine is based. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive one of four different vaccines to determine which peptides offer the best immunity. Each treatment course consists of two injections of the vaccines every 3 weeks for four times. The injections are given under the skin of the thigh. After every other treatment course (every 6 months), patients will undergo a series of x-rays and scans to look for tumor. The immunizations may continue for up to 12 months as long as the melanoma does not return. The injections are given at the NIH Clinical Center. Patients are monitored for 1 hour after each injection and have blood tests and a physical examination to look for treatment side effects. Patients will be followed with blood tests every 12 weeks to monitor body functions. They will also undergo leukapheresis-a procedure to collect white blood cells-before starting treatment and about 3 to 4 weeks after the fourth vaccine to evaluate how the vaccines affect the action of the immune system cells. For this procedure, blood is drawn through a needle in the arm, similar to donating blood. The blood goes through a machine that separates out the lymphocytes (white blood cells), and the rest of the blood is returned through a needle in the other arm. Some patients may undergo a biopsy-surgical removal of a small piece of tissue under local anesthetic-of normal skin and tumor or lymph node tissue to examine the effects of the vaccines on the tumor immune cells. Patients whose disease returns during the first course of vaccine therapy will have surgery to remove the tumor and will continue to receive the vaccine treatment. Patients whose tumor returns after completing one course of therapy may receive a substance called interleukin-2 (IL-2), which can boost immune function against the tumor. IL-2 is given intravenously (through a small tube placed in a vein) every 8 hours for 4 days. This regimen is repeated after 10 to 14 days. Those who respond to IL-2 will have a third course of treatment after 2 months. Patients whose disease recurs after treatment will be taken off the study and will be referred back to their referring physician or to another study, if an appropriate one is available.

Study summary:

HLA-A*0201 positive patients at high risk for recurrence of melanoma, or completely resected metastatic melanoma will receive immunization with peptides representing HLA-restricted T cell epitopes of the MART-1 or gp100 melanoma antigens emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 or Montanide(TM) ISA 51 VG. Patients will be randomized to receive one of three different MART-1 peptides or to receive a combination of a MART-1 peptide plus a gp100 peptide. This study is designed to evaluate the immunologic effects of the different peptide immunizations.


- INCLUSION CRITERIA: HLA-A*0201 patients, age greater than or equal to 16 years, with lesions greater than or equal to 1.5 mm in thickness, or greater than or equal to 1 positive lymph node, or ulcerated lesions, or local recurrence, or completely resected metastatic melanoma, within 6 months of surgical resection will be considered. Patients must be clinically disease free at the time of protocol entry as documented by radiologic studies within 6 weeks of patient entry. Serum creatinine of 2.0 mg/dl or less. Total bilirubin 1.6 mg/dl or less, except for patients with Gilbert's Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dl. WBC 3000/mm(3) or greater. Platelet count 90,000 mm(3) or greater. Serum AST/ALT less than three times normal. ECOG performance status of 0 or 1. Patients of both genders must be willing to practice effective birth control during this trial because the potential for teratogenic effects are unknown. Patients may have had prior adjuvant treatment with immunotherapy, including interferon, or may have had treatment for metastatic disease and are now NED, including chemotherapy or biotherapy, as long as 3 weeks have elapsed since prior systemic therapy. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Patients will be excluded: 1. who have ocular or mucosal melanoma. 2. who are undergoing or have undergone in the past 3 weeks any systemic therapy except surgery for their cancer, and must have recovered from any adverse effects of treatment prior to entry, other than those that do not have clinical implications, e.g. vitiligo, alopecia. 3. have active systemic infections, autoimmune disease or any known immunodeficiency disease. 4. who require systemic steroid therapy. 5. who are pregnant or breastfeeding. 6. who are known to be positive for hepatitis B(s)AG or HIV antibody. 7. who have any form of active primary or secondary immunodeficiency or who have not recovered immune competence after chemotherapy or radiation therapy. 8. who have previously been immunized with MART-1. 9. who have known hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study. ELIGIBILITY FOR ADMINISTRATION OF IL-2: Patients who develop progressive disease while receiving peptide alone must meet the following criteria to be eligible to receive IL-2: 1. Patients must have measurable metastatic melanoma. 2. Patients may not have active major medical illnesses such as cardiac ischemia, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease. 3. Patients with recent prolonged history of cigarette smoking or symptoms of respiratory dysfunction must have a normal pulmonary function test as evidenced by a FEV(1) greater than 60% predicted. 4. Patients with EKG abnormalities, symptoms of cardiac ischemia or arrhythmias or age greater than 50 years will have a normal stress cardiac test (stress thallium, stress MUGA, dobutamine echocardiogram or other stress test). 5. Patients must be willing to sign a durable power of attorney (DPA). 6. Serum creatinine of 2.0 mg/dl or less. 7. Total bilirubin 2.0 mg/dl or less, except in patients with Gilbert's Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dl. 8. WBC 3000/mm(3) or greater. 9. Platelet count 90,000 mm(3) or greater.



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Bethesda, Maryland 20892
United States

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Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: December 12, 2017

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