Expired Study
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Memphis, Tennessee 38105


Purpose:

Phase I trial to study the safety of combining O6-benzylguanine with temozolomide in treating children who have recurrent or refractory brain tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. O6-benzylguanine may increase the effectiveness of temozolomide by making tumor cells more sensitive to the drug.


Study summary:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose of temozolomide (Temodar) when administered with O6-benzylguanine (O6-BG) with and without G-CSF support to pediatric patients with refractory brain tumors stratified by previous radiotherapy. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of temozolomide and O6-BG when used in combination. II. To characterize toxicities associated with the combination of O6-BG and temozolomide with and without G-CSF support. III. To document antitumor response in patients when treated with O6-BG and temozolomide. IV. To determine the levels of MGMT enzyme and mismatch repair (MMR) proteins in tumor tissue, investigating a possible correlation with patient outcome. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of temozolomide with and without filgrastim (G-CSF). Patients are stratified according to prior radiotherapy (RT)/myeloablative therapy (no RT or focal RT vs craniospinal RT or myeloablative therapy). Patients receive O6-benzylguanine IV continuously on days 1 and 2 and oral temozolomide on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 2-6 patients in each stratum receive escalating doses of temozolomide until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose at which 25% of patients experience DLT. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are treated at that dose level for a total of 12 patients treated at the MTD. For courses 1-12, patients experiencing neutropenia may also receive G-CSF subcutaneously or IV daily beginning on day 3 and continuing until blood counts recover. If neutropenia is the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) for the first 2 strata, patients are further stratified according to concurrent G-CSF support (yes vs no).Cohorts of 3-6 patients in each stratum receive escalating doses of temozolomide with G-CSF until the MTD is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience DLT. Once the MTD is determined, 6 additional patients are treated at that dose. Patients are followed for resolution of all adverse events occurring while on treatment and/or within 30 days of the last administration of study drug. Patients will be followed for the shortest of 1) three months after the last protocol based treatment, or 2) the date other therapy is initiated.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Recurrent or refractory pediatric brain tumors; a histopathologic diagnosis from either the initial presentation or at the time of recurrence is required for all but brain stem gliomas - Karnofsky or Lansky ≥ 60% - Life expectancy > 8 weeks - Patients with neurological deficits should have deficits that are stable for a minimum of 1 week prior to study entry - Chemotherapy: No more than 2 previous chemotherapy/biologic therapy regimens; evidence of recovery from prior chemotherapy/biologic therapy; no myelosuppressive chemotherapy within 3 weeks (6 weeks if a nitrosourea agent) of study entry; patients who have received temozolomide are eligible if they have not received the drug in the past 3 months and did not experience any non-hematopoietic Grade 3/4 toxicity with prior temozolomide therapy - XRT: ≥ 3 months prior to study entry for craniospinal irradiation (≥ 18 Gy); ≥ 4 weeks for local radiation to primary tumor; and ≥ 2 weeks prior to study entry for focal irradiation to symptomatic metastatic sites - Bone Marrow Transplant: ≥ 6 months prior to study entry - Anti-convulsants: Patients will be eligible for this study even if they are receiving anti-convulsants - Growth factors: Off all colony forming growth factor(s) > 2 weeks prior to study entry (G-CSF, GM-CSF, Erythropoietin) - Dexamethasone: Patients who are receiving dexamethasone must be on a stable dose for at least 1 week prior to study entry - ANC > 1,000/μl - Platelets > 100,000/μl - Hemoglobin > 8g/dl - Patients may have bone marrow involvement by disease; platelet and Hgb counts must be transfusion independent - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times institutional normal for age - Or GFR > 70 ml/min/1.73m^2 - Bilirubin ≤ upper limit of normal for age - SGPT (ALT) < and SGOT (AST) < 2.5X institutional normal - No overt renal, hepatic, cardiac or pulmonary disease - Female patients of childbearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test; patient must not be pregnant or breast-feeding; while no known teratogenic effects are known for O6-BG so far, there is little data to address this specifically; as such, the prudent approach is to exclude pregnant and breastfeeding patients until further data is available - Patients of childbearing or child-fathering potential must be willing to use a medically acceptable form of birth control, which includes abstinence, while being treated on this study - Signed informed consent according to institutional guidelines must be obtained and patients must begin therapy within seven (7) days of registration Exclusion Criteria: - Patients must not be receiving any other anticancer or experimental drug therapy - Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to dacarbazine, temozolomide or polyethylene glycol are excluded


NCT ID:

NCT00052780


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Amar Gajjar
Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Memphis, Tennessee 38105
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: December 15, 2017

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