RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as poly-ICLC use different ways to stimulate the immune
system and stop tumor cells from growing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to
damage tumor cells. Combining biological therapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining poly-ICLC with radiation
therapy in treating patients who have newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme.
- Determine the efficacy of poly ICLC and radiotherapy, in terms of total survival from
date of diagnosis, in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme.
- Determine the safety and toxicity profile of this regimen in these patients.
- Determine the 12-month survival rate in patients treated with this regimen.
- Assess progression-free survival at 6 months and median progression-free survival from
date of diagnosis of patients treated with this regimen.
- Assess response in patients treated with this regimen.
- Assess changes in neurological status in patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Within 1-4 weeks after surgery, patients receive poly ICLC intramuscularly 3 times weekly
(on days 1, 3, and 5). Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or
One week after the initiation of poly ICLC, patients undergo external beam radiotherapy once
daily 5 days a week for 6 weeks.
Patients are followed monthly for 1 year and then every 3 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.
- Histologically confirmed intracranial glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) or gliosarcoma by
biopsy or resection within the past 28 days
- 18 and over
- Karnofsky 60-100%
- More than 8 weeks
- WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
- Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
- Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL (transfusion allowed)
- Bilirubin less than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
- SGOT less than 2 times ULN
- Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL
- No significant medical illness that cannot be controlled adequately with appropriate
therapy or that would compromise tolerability of study therapy
- No other cancer (except nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix)
unless in complete remission and off all therapy for that disease for at least 3
- No active infection
- No disease that would obscure toxicity or dangerously alter drug metabolism
- No other serious concurrent medical illness
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- Not specified
- No prior polifeprosan 20 with carmustine implant (Gliadel wafer)
- No concurrent chemotherapy
- Concurrent corticosteroids to treat symptoms or prevent complications are allowed
- No prior radiotherapy to the brain
- No concurrent stereotactic radiosurgery
- No concurrent brachytherapy
- See Disease Characteristics
- No prior cytotoxic or noncytotoxic drug therapy for GBM
- No prior experimental drug therapy for GBM
- No other concurrent cytotoxic or noncytotoxic drug therapy for GBM
- Concurrent analgesics, antiepileptics, or other drugs to treat symptoms or prevent
complications are allowed