This study will determine the safety of the drug Replagal or treating patients with Fabry
disease, an inherited metabolic disorder. In this disease, an enzyme called
Alpha-galactosidase A, which normally breaks down a fatty substance called
globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), is missing or does not function properly. The resulting
accumulation of Gb3 causes problems with the kidneys, heart, nerves, and blood vessels.
Replagal is a genetically engineered form of Alpha-galactosidase A. Previous studies have
shown that patients with Fabry disease who had not progressed to end-stage kidney failure
tolerated Replagal replacement therapy well. This study will examine the effects of the
drug in patients with kidney problems associated with Fabry disease.
Patients with Fabry disease who are on kidney dialysis, or have had a kidney transplant, may
be eligible for this study.
During this 6 to 12-month study, participants will receive a 40-minute intravenous (IV)
infusion of Replagal every other week, with close monitoring during and after the infusions.
Before the first infusion, patients will be evaluated with a medical history, physical and
neurological examinations, electrocardiogram (ECG), routine blood and urine tests, kidney
test, and measurements of height, weight, and vital signs (blood pressure, pulse, breathing
rate, temperature). In addition, they will have pharmacokinetic studies immediately before
and following the first infusion of Replagal. For these studies, blood samples of less than
a teaspoon each will be drawn to measure the level of Replagal enzyme activity. The samples
will be collected at the following time points: immediately before the infusion; 20 minutes
into the infusion; at the end of the infusion; after the infusion at 50, 60, and 90 minutes,
and 2, 3, 4, and 8 hours.
Safety evaluations will be done once a week for the first month and then once a month for
the rest of the study period. These evaluations include a physical examination, measurement
of vital signs, electrocardiogram, routine blood and urine tests, and kidney testing.
The objectives of this clinical trial are to study the effects of a range of renal function
on the safety and pharmacokinetics of Replagal enzyme replacement therapy in patients with
Fabry Disease. Patients with clinical and genetic or biochemical evidence of Fabry Disease
will be selected for this clinical trial. Sixty (60) patients will be enrolled in this
clinical trial. Enrollment will be stratified based on baseline renal function as per FDA
guidelines. This is an open label clinical study. Baseline evaluations will be conducted
over an approximately 3 day period. Patients will receive intravenous (IV) infusions of
Replagal at a dose of 0.2 mg/kg/dose every 2 weeks. Pharmacokinetic studies will be
performed with the first administered dose. The safety evaluations for patients in this
study will include vital signs, physical examinations, adverse event (AE) assessments,
electrocardiograms (ECG), and a battery of laboratory tests including measurement of
anti-Replagal antibodies. An overview of the study appears in Appendix A.
INCLUSION CRITERIA - Patient has Fabry Disease:
Patient is a male hemizygote, age 18 or above, with evidence of Fabry Disease, defined as
Alpha-galactosidase A enzyme deficiency. Alpha-galactosidase A deficiency is defined as a
plasma or serum enzyme level less than 1.2 nmoles/hr/mL.
Patient is a heterozygous carrier female, aged 18 or above, with evidence of Fabry Disease
defined as a mutation in the Alpha-galactosidase A gene.
Patient has clinical evidence of Fabry Disease. For patients with compromised renal
function or a history of renal transplant as a result of Fabry Disease, the renal disease
must be consistent with Fabry Disease. For other patients, clinical evidence is defined
as at least one (1) of the following:
neurologic disease (neuropathic pain)
cardiac disease (cadiomyopathy)
cerebrovascular disease (history of stroke)
dermatologic disease (angiokeratomas)
gastrointestinal disease (malabsorption and weight loss).
Patient is not eligible for an ongoing TKT sponsored placebo-controlled clinical trial
that is accruing patients. The selection criteria for ongoing Study TKT010 appear in
Appendix D. If another TKT sponsored placebo-controlled clinical trial is initiated
during this study, the selection criteria for that study will be appended to this study.
Patient has a disease other than Fabry that is the cause of the patient's renal
dysfunction (for example, diabetes or hypertension).
Patient has received another investigational therapeutic agent for Fabry Disease.
Patient has received a renal transplant as a result of renal dysfunction caused by a
disease other than Fabry Disease.
Patient is unable to comply with the protocol, eg, is uncooperative with protocol
schedule, refuses to agree to all of the study procedures, is unable to return for safety
evaluations, or is otherwise unlikely to complete the study as determined by the
investigator or the medical monitor.