This study will look at how people cope with an upcoming bone marrow transplant and how
personality characteristics influence coping styles in stressful medical situations.
Personality traits, such as extraversion, optimism and self-esteem have been related to
active, problem-focused coping styles, whereas neuroticism has been related to increased
psychological distress and denial as a way of coping. Coping styles, in turn, have been
related to disease outcome. For example, a fighting spirit and avoidance have been
correlated with longer survival, whereas fatalism, anxious preoccupation and feelings of
helplessness and hopelessness were related to a poor disease outcome. A better understanding
of the relationship between coping styles and personality may help improve supportive care
for people undergoing bone marrow transplants. This study will:
- Explore the relationship between personality traits, coping styles and psychological
stress in patients awaiting bone marrow transplantation
- Identify what coping styles people use to prepare for bone marrow transplantation
- Identify what personality traits are related to particular coping styles in patients
awaiting bone marrow transplantation
- Identify the relationship between personality factors and level of psychological
distress in patients awaiting bone marrow transplantation
Cancer patients 18 years of age and older who are scheduled for bone marrow transplant are
eligible for this study.
Participants will fill out pencil-and-paper questionnaires providing demographic information
(such as age, gender, marital status, ethnicity, and so forth) and answering questions about
their opinions and preferences. The information will be used to assess the participants'
personality characteristics, coping styles, and psychological distress. The questionnaires
take about 45 to 50 minutes to complete.
Over the last decade, more and more focus has been placed upon the psychological adjustment
of patients who have undergone bone marrow transplants (BMT). There have been studies that
focused on the coping styles and levels of psychological distress in patients immediately
after transplantation. Studies have been done based on a specific point during the process
or at multiple points throughout the course of the procedure and still other studies have
focused on assessment points several months post transplant. However, very little attention
has been focused on patients' psychological functioning prior to transplantation. The
purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between personality traits and
coping styles among patients awaiting BMT.
All patients with diagnosis of cancer and awaiting BMT.
Criteria for participation in the study include a diagnosis of cancer and being actively
screened for a CC approved PBSC transplant protocol. The participants will not have
undergone the transplant at the time of the evaluation. Participants will be ages 18 and
No patients who meet the eligibility criteria will be excluded from the study.