University of Maryland, College Park,
This 4-year study will compare the long-term effectiveness of behavioral treatment,
fluoxetine (Prozac®), and placebo for treatment of social phobia in children and
Social phobia affects 3-5 percent of children, and prevalence rises with age. Youth with
social phobia fear many activities that are part of everyday life and suffer from problems
such as headaches or stomachaches, panic, avoidance, general anxiety, depression,
loneliness, and a very restricted range of social relationships. Recent findings indicate a
new psychosocial treatment called Social Effectiveness Therapy for Children (SET-C) is
effective in treating children ages 8-11, resulting in reduced emotional distress and
improved social functioning. Treatment effects have been maintained for up to 6 months. This
study will examine SET-C in children ages 8-15. Because available data suggest that the drug
fluoxetine is a promising treatment, SET-C will be compared to fluoxetine in this trial.
Durability of treatment will be monitored over a 1-year follow-up period.
- Diagnosis of social phobia
- Pervasive developmental disorders (PDD)
- Major Depression
- IQ of less than 80
- Medical conditions contraindicating use of fluoxetine
University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742
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