RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab can locate cancer cells and either kill
them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Drugs used
in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing
or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the
doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more cancer cells. It is not yet
known if combining rituximab with cyclophosphamide is more effective than cyclophosphamide
alone in stimulating peripheral stem cells for transplantation.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well giving cyclophosphamide with or
without rituximab followed by chemotherapy and peripheral stem cell transplantation works in
treating patients with recurrent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
- Compare the effects of mobilization therapy with or without rituximab on hematopoietic
stem cells, B and T lymphocytes, and natural killer cells in patients with advanced or
recurrent B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
- Compare the effects of B-lymphocyte purging using concurrent rituximab and mobilization
therapy vs a CD34+ cell enrichment device on hematopoietic stem cells, B and T
lymphocytes, and natural killer cells in the peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC)
- Compare the effect of these purging regimens on tumor cell content of PBSC infusates.
- Compare the effects of these regimens on myeloid and lymphoid engraftment after
high-dose chemotherapy and autologous PBSC infusion in these patients.
- Compare post-transplantation infection complications in patients treated with these
- Compare the response and relapse-free survival of patients treated with these regimens.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive mobilization therapy comprising rituximab IV over 2-5 hours on
days 1, 8, and 15 and cyclophosphamide IV over 3-6 hours on day 16. Beginning 36-48
hours after the completion of cyclophosphamide, patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF)
subcutaneously (SC) daily until blood counts recover. Patients then undergo peripheral
blood stem cell (PBSC) collection.
After completion of PBSC collection, patients receive high-dose chemotherapy comprising
carmustine IV on days -7 to -3 and etoposide IV and cisplatin IV for 3 days during days -7
to -3. Patients may undergo involved-field radiotherapy to active or previously bulky (more
than 5 cm) tumors daily for 7-10 days.
Patients receive unmanipulated PBSCs on day 0. Patients receive G-CSF SC daily beginning 4
hours after completion of PBSC infusion and continuing until neutrophil engraftment.
- Arm II: Patients receive mobilization therapy comprising cyclophosphamide and G-CSF and
high-dose chemotherapy comprising carmustine, etoposide, and cisplatin as in arm I.
Patients may also undergo involved-field radiotherapy as in arm I. Patients receive
CD34 cell-enriched PBSC on day 0 followed by G-CSF as in arm I.
Patients are followed every 3 months.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 71 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.
- Histologically confirmed B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)
- Indolent or aggressive histology
- No small lymphocytic lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, or small lymphocytic
- CD20-positive and/or CD19-positive by immunohistochemistry or flow cytometry
- Second or greater remission allowed
- Partial remission, relapse, or refractory disease must have measurable tumor
- Eligible for high-dose therapy followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell
- No CNS involvement by lymphoma
- 12 to 65
- ECOG 0-2
- Not specified
- Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,200/mm^3
- Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
- Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL
- Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min
- No renal dysfunction
- LVEF at least 40%
- No cardiac dysfunction
- No myocardial infarction within the past 3 months
- FEV_1 greater than 60%
- DLCO at least 60% of predicted
- No pulmonary dysfunction
- No asthma
- HIV negative
- No significant organ dysfunction
- No severe comorbid condition
- No uncontrolled diabetes
- No severe or active infection
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- See Chemotherapy
- No prior immunotherapy
- No prior high-dose chemotherapy with or without peripheral blood stem cell
- No more than 3 prior chemotherapy regimens for NHL
- At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered
- Not specified
- Prior radiotherapy allowed
- Not specified