The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of synthetic hormone replacement therapy on
anti-seizure medication levels, menopausal symptom relief, and seizure frequency and safety
in menopausal women with epilepsy.
This study will help to answer questions regarding the use of hormone replacement therapy
that women with epilepsy face as they reach menopause. The total duration of the study is 6
months and involves 7 visits to the doctor. The purposes of the study are to discover if
and how menopause and treatments for the symptoms of menopause change epilepsy in women, to
determine which if any factors present before and/or during menopause may predict the
influence of menopause on a woman's seizure disorder, and to find any possible interactions
between hormone replacement therapy and anti-seizure medication in order to find the optimal
dose of hormone replacement therapy for women with epilepsy.
- Subjects must have a diagnosis of partial epilepsy which has predated the onset of
- Subjects must have between 0-10 seizures of any type per month.
- Subjects must have had an EEG consistent with a partial epilepsy diagnosis, showing a
- Subjects must have had an imaging study of the brain since the diagnosis of epilepsy.
- Subjects must be 1 year menopausal (without their menstrual periods), but within 5
years of their last menstrual period.
- Subjects must be medically cleared by their primary care physician to take HRT.
- Subjects must have had a normal PAP smear within the past 9 months.
- Subjects must have had a mammogram without lesions suspicious for malignancy within
the past 9 months.
- Subjects or their caregivers must be able to keep an accurate seizure diary.
- Subjects must be stable on their current AEDs for >1 month.
- Subjects must have not used HRT during the 3 months prior to enrollment.
- Subjects with a history of breast, uterine or ovarian cancer.
- Subjects with a treatable or reversible cause of recurrent seizures (metabolic,
neoplastic, toxic or infectious causes).
- Subjects with a history of deep vein thrombosis, arterial thrombosis, pulmonary
embolus, blood clotting disorders, or stroke.
- Subjects with elevated liver function test more than two time normal.
- Subjects with 3 first degree family members who have a history of breast cancer.
- Subjects with 1 first degree family member with a history of bilateral breast cancer.
- Subjects with a history of complicated migraine headaches.
- Subjects with a history of unexplained vaginal bleeding.
- Subjects with a history of familial hyperlipoproteinemia.
- Subjects with a history of myocardial infarction in the past 6 months.
- Subjects with diabetes mellitus with vascular disease.
- Subjects with untreated hypertension (>145/95 on 3 occasions).
- Subjects with a history of using an experimental drug or device in the past 30 days.
- Subjects with severe chronic and/or progressive medical illnesses.
- Subjects with active drug and alcohol abuse.
- Subjects with a history of discontinuation of Prempro in the past due to side
- Subjects who state that they cannot tolerate 6 more months without relief of
- Subjects who plan to change or anticipate a change in their antiseizure treatment in
the next 6 months.