This study will collect biological samples-buccal cells, blood sample, skin sample-to be
used in developing and testing laboratory methods for measuring and analyzing genes. Such
methods can be used for research on identifying genetic factors that may affect a person's
All individuals age 21 and older may participate in this study. Participants will provide
one or more of the following samples:
- Buccal (mouth) cells - obtained by swishing a small amount of mouthwash in the mouth or
by swabbing or bushing the inside of the cheek with a swab or brush.
- Blood - obtained by pricking the finger and collecting the drops or by blood drawing
through a needle placed in an arm vein.
- Skin - obtained by a punch biopsy on the inner upper arm. For this procedure, the skin
is anesthetized and a small piece of skin is removed with a sharp instrument similar to
a cookie cutter. The wound is then covered and held together with a sterile bandage. A
small scar, approximately 1/8-inch long, will be left.
Most participants will be asked to provide only a buccal sample; blood and/or skin samples
will be requested from a few participants. The blood and skin samples may be used to grow
cell lines; that is, to make them grow indefinitely for research uses.
We propose two related activities that involve the collection of biological samples. The
first involves the collection of mouthwash samples from 200 volunteers, to assess the
feasibility of pooling samples for quantitative genotype determinations. For a small number
of volunteers, we will also collect a peripheral blood sample and a skin punch biopsy for
establishment of lymphoblastoid and fibroblast cell lines. The blood and skin samples will
be used to compare the amount and subcellular localization of DNA repair proteins between
lymphocytes (cells most commonly collected in epidemiologic studies) and fibroblasts (the
cell types commonly used in assay development). In addition, we will conduct hands-on
education and training sessions in molecular genetics for members of DCEG and others. The
hands-on education sessions will be aimed at non-laboratory scientists and involve 6-9 hours
of demonstration and participation in basic molecular genetics techniques. Participants
will have the option of collecting their own mouthwash sample, extracting the DNA, and
performing a genotyping assay on their sample in the Laboratory of Population Genetics in
Building 41. After the education session, the biological samples will be reassigned
arbitrary numbers not linked to personally identifying information and will be used for
laboratory methods development only.
- INCLUSION CRITERIA:
All individuals age 21 and older will be eligible.
Participants who have volunteered for previous DCEG studies within the past three years
in which buccal or blood samples were collected will be excluded because the samples
collected in the current study may be combined with some previously collected samples and
duplication of subjects is to be avoided.
Individuals with known active oral disease will be excluded from the buccal cell
collection component, and those known to form keloids will be excluded from the skin