Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of thalidomide in treating patients who have
recurrent or persistent cancer of the uterus. Thalidomide may stop the growth of cancer by
stopping blood flow to the tumor.
I. Determine the antitumor cytostatic activity of thalidomide, as measured by the
probability of progression-free survival (PFS) for at least 6 months, in patients with
recurrent or persistent uterine leiomyosarcoma.
II. Determine the nature and degree of the toxicity of this drug in these patients.
III. Determine the partial and complete response rates in patients treated with this drug.
IV. Determine the duration of PFS and overall survival of patients treated with this drug.
V. Determine the effect of this drug on initial performance status in these patients.
VI. Determine the effects of this drug at 4 weeks on endogenous angiogenesis factors
(vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor) in plasma and urine
of these patients.
VII. Assess the association of endogenous angiogenesis factors with clinical outcome (PFS)
in patients treated with this drug.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients receive oral thalidomide once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in
the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then
- Histologically confirmed primary uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) that is refractory to
curative therapy or established treatments
- Recurrent or persistent disease
- At least 1 unidimensionally measurable target lesion
- At least 20 mm by conventional techniques, including palpation, plain x-ray, CT
scan, or MRI OR at least 10 mm by spiral CT scan
- Tumors within a previously irradiated field are considered non-target lesions
- No smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential, including metastatic or
recurrent disease from such a tumor
- Must have received 1 prior initial chemotherapy regimen (including high-dose,
consolidation, or extended therapy after surgical or nonsurgical assessment) for
- Ineligible for a higher priority Gynecological Oncology Group (GOG) protocol (if one
exists), including any active phase III protocol for the same patient population
- No documented brain metastases since diagnosis of cancer
- Patients with stable CNS deficits are allowed provided there are no brain
metastases, as confirmed by CT scan or MRI
- Performance status - GOG 0-2 if received 1 prior therapy regimen
- Performance status - GOG 0-1 if received 2 prior therapy regimens
- Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
- Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
- SGOT no greater than 2.5 times ULN
- Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2.5 times ULN
- Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN
- Creatinine clearance greater than 60 mL/min
- No documented seizure disorders since diagnosis of cancer
- Patients with a history of seizure disorders are allowed provided that the seizures
have been stable (i.e., no seizure within the past 12 months)while on an
appropriately monitored treatment regimen
- No active infection requiring antibiotics
- No greater than grade 1 sensory or motor neuropathy
- No other prior invasive malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin
- Not pregnant
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use at least 1 highly active method and 1 additional effective
method of contraception for at least 4 weeks before, during, and for at least 4 weeks
after study participation
- No prior thalidomide
- At least 3 weeks since prior immunologic agents for uterine LMS
- At least 3 weeks since other prior chemotherapy for uterine LMS and recovered
- No more than 1 prior cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen for recurrent or persistent
- No prior non-cytotoxic chemotherapy for recurrent or persistent uterine LMS
- At least 1 week since prior hormonal therapy for uterine LMS
- Concurrent hormone replacement therapy allowed
- At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy for uterine LMS and recovered
- No prior radiotherapy to more than 25% of bone marrow
- Recovered from recent prior surgery
- No prior anticancer therapy that would preclude study therapy
- At least 3 weeks since other prior therapy for uterine LMS
- No concurrent bisphosphonates (e.g., zoledronate)