Expired Study
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Bethesda, Maryland 20892


Purpose:

Plasma histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) binds to platelets in the presence of zinc (1). This binding is totally blocked by a monoclonal antibody directed against platelet membrane CD36. Therefore, CD36 is assumed to carry the platelet binding site for HRG (2). Because CD36 also has a variety of other ligands, including polyanionic lipids, it is also possible that it contains the binding site for heparin (also polyanionic) and might be involve in the pathogenesis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Demonstrating absent HRG or heparin binding to platelets lacking CD36 would confirm that the binding sites for either or both of these ligands are located on this membrane protein. Because 3% to 11% of healthy Japanese are reported to lack CD36 on their platelets, this population is a practical source of cells for examining the physiologic role(s) for CD36. Therefore, we will recruit blood donors from the Japanese community on the NIH campus. Their platelets will tested for the presence of CD36. Recruitment will be closed after two individuals have been identified whose platelets lack CD36 and who are willing to donate 30 cc of blood on 4 or 5 subsequent occasions for binding studies with radiolabeled HRG and heparin.


Study summary:

Plasma histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) binds to platelets in the presence of zinc (1). This binding is totally blocked by a monoclonal antibody directed against platelet membrane CD36. Therefore, CD36 is assumed to carry the platelet binding site for HRG (2). Because CD36 also has a variety of other ligands, including polyanionic lipids, it is also possible that it contains the binding site for heparin (also polyanionic) and might be involved in the pathogenesis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Demonstrating absent HRG or heparin binding to platelets lacking CD36 would confirm that the binding sites for either or both of these ligands are located on this membrane protein. Because 3% to 11% of healthy Japanese are reported to lack CD36 on their platelets, this population is a practical source of cells for examining the physiologic role(s) for CD36. It has also been reported that 2.4% of African Americans and 4% of Taiwanese lack this protein on their platelets. Therefore, we will recruit blood donors from the Japanese, African American, and Taiwanese community on the NIH campus. Their platelets will be tested for the presence of CD36. Recruitment will be closed after two individuals have been identified whose platelets lack CD36 and who are willing to donate 30 cc of blood on 4 or 5 subsequent occasions for binding studies with radiolabeled HRG and heparin.


Criteria:

INCLUSION CRITERIA: Phase I: Full Japanese, African American, and Taiwanese ancestry At least 18 years of age. Willingness and ability to participate in Phase II of the study. Must be able to provide written informed consent. Phase II: Less than 1% CD36 present on platelets, compared with controls. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Phase I: A history of anemia or thrombocytopenia. Unwillingness or inability to participate in Phase II of the study. Phase II: Discovery of anemia (hemoglobin less than 11.1 g/dL for women, less than 12.7 for men) or thrombocytopenia (less than 162,000/microliter for women, less than 154,000/microliter for men) in the blood counts performed during Phase I. Subjects will not be excluded because of any medications.


NCT ID:

NCT00015639


Primary Contact:

N/A


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Bethesda, Maryland 20892
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: September 20, 2017

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