Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of carboxyamidotriazole in treating
patients who have metastatic kidney cancer. Carboxyamidotriazole may stop the growth of
kidney cancer by stopping blood flow to the tumor
I. Determine the toxicity and disease-stabilizing effect of carboxyamidotriazole in patients
with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
II. Determine the objective response rate in patients treated with this drug.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, multicenter study. Patients are stratified
according to time from diagnosis of metastatic disease to study entry (fewer than 24 months
vs 24 months or more).
Patients receive oral carboxyamidotriazole (CAI) daily for 4 weeks. Treatment repeats for 4
courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 4 courses,
patients experiencing complete or partial response continue treatment until disease
progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients with stable disease are randomized to one of two treatment arms.
Arm I: Patients receive oral CAI as above.
Arm II: Patients receive a placebo.
Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for at least 4 courses in the absence of disease progression
or unacceptable toxicity. Patients experiencing disease progression are unblinded and those
on placebo begin oral CAI as above.
Patients are followed every 6 months.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 335 patients will be accrued for this study within 15-25
- Histologically confirmed renal cell carcinoma
- Metastatic or unresectable disease
- Documented disease progression, even after nephrectomy
- At least 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion
- At least 20 mm by conventional techniques
- At least 10 mm by spiral CT scan
- The following lesions are not considered measurable:
- Bone lesions
- Leptomeningeal disease
- Pleural/pericardial effusion
- Abdominal masses not confirmed and followed by imaging
- Cystic lesions
- Performance status - CTC 0-2
- WBC at least 2,000/mm^3
- Platelet count at least 75,000/mm^3
- Bilirubin no greater than upper limit of normal (ULN)
- AST no greater than 2.5 times ULN
- Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
- No baseline neuropathy or cerebellar dysfunction greater than grade 1
- At least 4 weeks since prior immunotherapy
- No prior carboxyamidotriazole
- No concurrent filgrastim (G-CSF) or sargramostim (GM-CSF)
- Concurrent epoetin alfa allowed
- At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy
- No concurrent chemotherapy
- No concurrent hormonal therapy except steroids for adrenal failure or hormones for
conditions not related to disease (e.g., insulin for diabetes)
- At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy
- No concurrent palliative radiotherapy
- See Disease Characteristics
- At least 4 weeks since prior surgery