Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of bryostatin 1 and cisplatin in treating patients
who have metastatic or unresectable stomach cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different
ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Bryostatin 1 may
increase the effectiveness of cisplatin by making tumor cells more sensitive to the drug.
Combining cisplatin with bryostatin 1 may kill more tumor cells.
I. Determine the response rate and survival in patients with metastatic or unresectable
carcinoma of the stomach treated with bryostatin 1 and cisplatin.
II. Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine the
molecular determinants of response to this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients receive bryostatin 1 IV over 72 hours on days 1-3 followed by cisplatin IV over 1
hour on day 4. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for a minimum of 2 courses in the absence of
disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Diagnosis of metastatic or unresectable carcinoma of the stomach
- Measurable disease
- No brain metastasis
- Performance status - Karnofsky 70-100%
- More than 3 months
- WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
- Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL
- No history of any bleeding disorders
- Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
- Transaminases no greater than 2 times normal
- Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
- Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min
- No history of peptic ulceration or gastrointestinal bleeding
- No active infection
- No seizure disorder
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
- HIV negative
- No other serious concurrent illness that would preclude study entry
- No medical, social, or psychological factors that would preclude study entry
- No prior chemotherapy
- No prior radiotherapy
- More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery
- Prior incomplete resection allowed
- No other prior antitumor treatment