RATIONALE: Radioactive drugs, such as holmium Ho 166 DOTMP, may carry radiation directly to
cancer cells and not harm normal cells. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may be able to
replace stem cells that were destroyed by the radioactive drug.
PURPOSE: This Phase I/II trial is studying the effectiveness of holmium Ho 166 DOTMP
followed by peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have metastatic
Ewing's sarcoma or rhabdomyosarcoma that has spread to the bone.
- Determine the dosimetry of holmium Ho 166 DOTMP in patients with metastatic Ewing's
sarcoma family of tumors or rhabdomyosarcoma with bone metastases.
- Provide treatment with holmium Ho 166 DOTMP for these patients.
- Determine the toxicity and pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients.
- Determine the change in tumor cell content in peripheral blood and bone marrow after
treatment with this drug in these patients.
OUTLINE: Patients receive a trace dose of holmium Ho 166 DOTMP IV over 10 minutes on day -7
and an assigned dose over 10 minutes on day 0. Autologous peripheral blood stem cells are
infused on days 7-10.
Patients are followed at least weekly for 4 weeks and then monthly for 1 year or until
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 4 patients will be accrued for this study.
- Histologically confirmed Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors or rhabdomyosarcoma with
- Refractory to conventional therapy OR
- Responsive to conventional therapy with osseous metastases at diagnosis that are
extensive enough to preclude concurrent radiotherapy to all sites
- Soft tissue, pulmonary, and/or bone marrow metastases in addition to cortical bone
- Extraosseous sites of disease allowed if amenable to surgical resection or
external beam radiotherapy
- No patients under 10 years old with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma
- Adequate peripheral blood stem cells stored
- At least 2,500,000 CD34+ cells/kg
- No impending bone fracture or spinal cord compression
- 12 and over
- At least 2 months
- Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm^3
- Platelet count at least 75,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent)
- Hemoglobin at least 10.0 g/dL (RBC transfusion allowed)
- Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal
- SGOT no greater than 2.5 times normal
- Radioisotope glomerular filtration rate, iothalamate clearance, or creatinine
clearance at least 60 mL/min
- No uncontrolled infection
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- Recovered from prior immunotherapy
- At least 3 months since prior bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell
transplantation (6 months for total body irradiation conditioning) and recovered
- At least 1 week since prior cytokines
- No immunomodulators during and for at least 4 weeks after study
- No concurrent cytokines
- At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas) and recovered
- No more than 3 prior systemic chemotherapy regimens
- No systemic chemotherapy during and for at least 4 weeks after study
- Not specified
- See Disease Characteristics
- See Biologic therapy
- Recovered from prior radiotherapy
- No prior maximum tolerable radiotherapy (greater than 30 Gy) to the spinal cord
- No prior therapeutic doses of bone-seeking radiopharmaceutical (e.g., samarium Sa 153
lexidronam pentasodium EDTMP)
- No radiotherapy during and for at least 4 weeks after study
- Local radiotherapy to any tumor site allowed provided at least 1 evaluable
lesion is untreated
- See Disease Characteristics
- No surgical resection of all bone metastases evaluable by PET during and for 1 month
- At least 4 weeks since prior bisphosphonates