OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether diverse mutations of the vasopressin-neurophysin II
(AVP-NPII) gene cause autosomal dominant familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus by
directing the production of an abnormal preprohormone.
II. Determine whether the AVP-NPII gene-directed preprohormone accumulates and destroys
magnocellular neurons because it cannot be folded and processed efficiently.
PROTOCOL OUTLINE: This project involves 2 clinical studies. Members of known kindreds
participate in Study I; members of kindreds who have not been surveyed, genotyped, or
phenotyped participate in Study II.
In Study I, participants undergo clinical, hormonal, radiologic, and biochemical studies.
Assessment on unrestricted fluid intake includes body weight, urine volume, osmolality,
creatinine, sodium, potassium, urea, glucose, arginine-vasopressin (AVP), oxytocin, and
Participants with diabetes insipidus (DI) undergo a standard fluid deprivation test; those
without DI undergo standard water load and hypertonic saline testing.
Previously untreated DI patients may be given intranasal or subcutaneous desmopressin or
oral chlorpropamide (adults only) for 2 or 3 days.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary-hypothalamic area is performed on all patients
with and without gadolinium.
Infants and children are studied annually for the first 5 years or until they develop DI.
Affected adults are studied every 2-5 years. Unaffected adults are re-tested only if they
subsequently report de novo symptoms suggestive of DI.
In Study II, participants undergo similar genotype and phenotype testing. Kindreds
demonstrating the familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus phenotype and genotype are
added to Study I. Kindreds found to have a different type of DI are directed into a
- Verified or suspected familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus with or without an
identified mutation of the vasopressin-neurophysin II gene Affected and unaffected
members of kindreds entered