RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing
so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell
transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill
more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of two regimens of
combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have intermediate-grade or immunoblastic
- Compare the efficacy of early intensification vs alternating triple chemotherapy in
patients with intermediate-grade or immunoblastic lymphoma with poor prognostic
- Compare, in a prospective manner, the cost/benefit ratio of these regimens in these
- Determine the value of monitoring minimal residual disease detection via in vitro
culture methods and polymerase chain reaction analysis of peripheral stem cell
apheresis products and by longitudinal monitoring of blood and bone marrow samples in
these patients treated with these regimens.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to tumor score (3 or
4 vs 5 or 6).
During the first course of induction, patients receive IDSHAP comprising idarubicin (IDA)
and cisplatin IV continuously on days 1-4, cytarabine (ARA-C) IV over 2 hours on day 5, and
methylprednisolone (MePRDL) IV over 15 minutes on days 1-5. During the second course of
induction, patients receive MBIDCOS comprising vincristine, bleomycin, and cyclophosphamide
IV over 15 minutes on day 1, IDA IV continuously and MePRDL IV over 15 minutes on days 1-3,
methotrexate (MTX) IV over 2 hours on day 10, and oral leucovorin calcium every 6 hours on
days 11 and 12. Each course lasts 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or
Patients with stable or responding disease after induction are randomized to 1 of 2
- Patients receive the following 3 courses of early intensification.
- First course: Patients receive ifosfamide (IFF) IV continuously and etoposide
(VP-16) IV over 2 hours every 12 hours on days 1-3. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is
administered subcutaneously (SC) beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood
counts recover and then autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are
harvested, selected for CD34 positive cells, and purged in vitro. If more than 5%
of the WBC contains lymphoma cells after induction, then 2 courses of IFF and
VP-16 are administered before PBSC harvest.
- Second course: Patients receive IFF IV continuously on days 1-3, mitoxantrone
(DHAD) IV on day 1, and G-CSF SC as in the first course.
- Third course: Patients receive carmustine IV over 1 hour on day -6, ARA-C and
VP-16 IV every 12 hours on days -5 to -2, and melphalan IV on day -1. PBSC are
reinfused on day 0. G-CSF is administered SC beginning on day 0 and continuing
until blood counts recover. Each course lasts 3 weeks in the absence of disease
progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Patients receive IDSHAP during courses 2 and 5, MBIDCOS during courses 3 and 6, and IFF
and VP-16 IV over 1 hour on days 1-3 and DHAD IV over 15 minutes on day 1 during
courses 1, 4, and 7. Each course lasts 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or
Patients with residual disease after completion of arm I or II treatment undergo
radiotherapy to areas of bulk disease if feasible. Patients on both arms with meningeal
involvement receive ARA-C intrathecally (IT) alternated with MTX every other day until 1
week after clearing of CNS disease and then 2 IT injections during every course of
chemotherapy thereafter. Patients with divergent histology who achieve complete response
after completion of arm I or II treatment receive interferon alfa 3 times a week for 1 year.
Patients are followed at 1 month, every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 1 year, and
then annually for 2 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 136 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.
- Diagnosis of previously untreated intermediate-grade or immunoblastic lymphoma
- Tumor score of 3 or greater, defined by the presence of 3 or more of the
following criteria :
- Ann Arbor stage III or IV disease
- B symptoms (fever, sweats, and weight loss greater than 10%)
- At least 1 tumor mass greater than 7 cm or mediastinal mass visible on
plain chest x-ray
- Beta-2 microglobulin at least 3.0
- Lactic dehydrogenase at least 1.1 times the upper limit of normal
- T- and B-cell lymphomas allowed if intermediate grade or immunoblastic
- Divergent histologies, including bone marrow involvement, allowed
- CNS involvement allowed NOTE: A new classification scheme for adult non-Hodgkin's
lymphoma has been adopted by PDQ. The terminology of "indolent" or "aggressive"
lymphoma will replace the former terminology of "low", "intermediate", or "high"
grade lymphoma. However, this protocol uses the former terminology.
- 15 to 59
- Not specified
- Not specified
- Not specified
- Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL (unless elevation due to lymphoma)
- Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL (unless elevation due to lymphoma)
- LVEF greater than 50% by echocardiogram if over age 45
- No congestive heart failure, angina, history of myocardial infarction, or arrhythmia
unless cleared by principal investigator after cardiology consultation
- No history of chronic obstructive or restrictive lung disease
- Pulmonary consultation required for smokers or patients with questionable lung
- HIV negative
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Fertile patients must use effective contraception
- No prior malignancy with poor prognosis (less than 90% probability of surviving for 5
- No geographic, economic, emotional, or social condition that would preclude study
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- No prior biologic therapy
- No prior chemotherapy
- No prior endocrine therapy
- No prior radiotherapy
- Not specified